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Anderson Marsh State Historic Park

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Title: Anderson Marsh State Historic Park  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Natural Bridges State Marine Reserve, Nature reserves in California, History of Lake County, California, California State Route 53, Stateline Wilderness
Collection: 1982 Establishments in California, Archaeological Sites in California, California State Historic Parks, Grasslands of California, Historic House Museums in California, History of Lake County, California, Landforms of Lake County, California, Marshes of California, Museums in Lake County, California, Native American Archeology, Native American History of California, Nature Reserves in California, Parks in Lake County, California, Pre-Columbian Archaeological Sites, Protected Areas Established in 1982
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Anderson Marsh State Historic Park

Anderson Marsh State Historic Park
Map showing the location of Anderson Marsh State Historic Park
Map showing the location of Anderson Marsh State Historic Park
Location Lake County, California, USA
Nearest city Clearlake, California
Coordinates
Area 1,298 acres (525 ha)
Established 1982
Governing body California Department of Parks and Recreation

Anderson Marsh State Historic Park is a California State Historic Park and nature reserve preserving a tule marsh, archaeological sites of the Pomo people, and historic ranch structures.[1] It is located in Lake County, California, USA.[2] Anderson Marsh is located at the head of Cache Creek on the southeast corner of Clear Lake, the largest natural lake completely within the borders of California.[2] The park is between the cities of Lower Lake and Clearlake on State Route 53, north of Calistoga in the wine country.[3] The park is open year-round.[4]

Contents

  • Natural history 1
  • History 2
  • Visitor attractions 3
    • Activities 3.1
    • Anderson Marsh Interpretive Association - AMIA 3.2
      • Closure proposal 3.2.1
  • See also 4
  • References 5
    • Books 5.1
    • Videography 5.2
    • Notes 5.3
  • External links 6

Natural history

The Anderson Marsh Park contains 1,065 acres (431 ha) of native bunch grass-covered hills, oak woodland, and Tule (Schoenoplectus acutus) marshes. It protects several habitats including: freshwater marsh wetlands, native grasslands, California oak woodlands, and riparian woodlands. Aquatic and terrestrial wildlife include: large mouth bass, bluegill, catfish, crappie, the north-western pond turtle, bats, gray fox, frogs, garter snakes, mink, muskrats, opossums, raccoon, river otter, skunks, and toads.[5]

Approximately 151 different bird species, both migrating and resident, have been identified in the park.[6]

History

The Southeastern Pomo Native Americans, one of the largest groups of indigenous peoples of the Americas in pre-Columbian California, lived in the area of present day Anderson Marsh State Historic Park, and their descendants continue to do so nearby. Anderson Marsh's archaeological sites provide artifacts of the Pomo people. Some sites are among the oldest found in California, dated at over 10,000 years old.[2] After recording 43 prehistoric sites, John Parker nominated the area to the National Register of Historic Places and began a campaign to have the sites acquired as a new State Park[7]

John Grigsby homesteaded in 1854 with his family, and built a small house.[8] Scotsman John Still Anderson, with his wife and six children, bought the property from Grigsby in 1884, built what is now known as the Ranch House, and ran a dairy and raised beef cattle. Their descendants lived in the Ranch House until the 1960s.

The State Historic Park was named after John Still Anderson in 1982 after the State of California acquired the Anderson Marsh.[5][8][9]

Visitor attractions

Activities

Bird watching

Exhibits/Programs

  • Ranch House: Shown by guided tour; example of early California life.[1]
  • South Barn Interpretive Room: Group presentations. [2]

Festivals

  • Bluegrass Festival, Second week-end in September.[2]

Trails

  • The park has miles of hiking trails:
    • Trails that lead along the wetland areas of the park include: the Cache Creek Trail and Marsh Trail.
    • Trails that lead along higher-drier park areas include: the Ridge Trail (in oak woodlands) and Anderson Flats Trail (in grasslands).[2]

Anderson Marsh Interpretive Association - AMIA

The Anderson Marsh Interpretive Association (AMIA) was formed in 1984 by park staff and other volunteers. The primary objectives of the association are to promote the education and interpretive activities of this park. AMIA also funds projects including: habitat conservation and restoration work, trail accessibility construction and maintenance, providing interpretive displays and written information, facilities and historical objects rehabilitation, and acquiring interpretive items.

Closure proposal

Anderson Marsh State Historic Park is one of 70 California state parks scheduled to close in 2012 by California Governor Jerry Brown. The park will close July 2012 to achieve part of the $11 million budget reduction for the 2011/2012 fiscal year.[10] This park and 47 other state parks were previously slated for closure in 2008 for financial reasons,[11] but was saved from closure.

See also

References

Books

  • Anderson, John Still, & Dickson, J. D. (1878). Decisions in the Court of Session from 1800 to 1878 in cases concerned with the agriculture of Scotland. Edinburgh: W. Blackwood and Sons.
  • California. (1975). The fish and wildlife resources of Anderson Marsh, Clear Lake, Lake County. [Sacramento, Calif.]: State of California, Dept. of Fish and Game.
  • California. (1984). Anderson Marsh project and proposed natural preserve proposed primary historic zone. Sacramento.
  • California. (1989). Anderson Marsh State Historic Park general plan. [Sacramento?]: State of California, the Resources Agency, Dept. of Parks and Recreation.
  • California. (1996). Anderson Marsh State Historic Park. Sacramento, CA: California State Parks.
  • Scholz, S. (1997). An interpretive trail guide to the natural features of Anderson Marsh State Historic Park. Clearlake, CA: The author.
  • Scavone, K. (1999). Anderson Marsh State Historic park: a walking history, prehistory, flora, and fauna tour of a California state park. [s.l.]: Bradford Creek Publishers.

Videography

  • White, G., Fredrickson, D. A., Thomas, D., Fredrickson, V.-M., Levinson, B., Thomas, T., & Huffman, M. (1994). Sharing the neighborhood for 5000 years the people of the lake and the uplands. [Sacramento]: California Dept. of Transportation.
  • Howser, H. (2001). California's gold. #3001, Clear Lake. [Los Angeles, Calif.]: Huell Howser Productions.

Notes

  1. ^ https://www.academia.edu/4136675/Pipe_Dreams_Timeline_of_Events_Leading_to_Anderson_Marsh_State_Historic_Park six-year outline of how the park was acquired.
  2. ^ a b c d e http://www.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=483
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^ https://www.academia.edu/4136675/Pipe_Dreams_Timeline_of_Events_Leading_to_Anderson_Marsh_State_Historic_Park Six-year outline of how the park was acquired.
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^
  10. ^ 2011 California State Park Closures Announced
  11. ^ "CalParks.org: 2008 Park Closures Announced"

External links

  • Anderson Marsh State Historic Park
  • Anderson Marsh Interpretive Association
  • Undated photo of oak tree at Anderson Marsh
  • Lake County Archaeology Website (Anderson Marsh page)
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