World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Albanians in Bulgaria

Article Id: WHEBN0022654884
Reproduction Date:

Title: Albanians in Bulgaria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Albanians, Ethnic groups in Bulgaria, Albanian diaspora, Albanians in Serbia, Albanians in Ukraine
Collection: Albanian Diaspora, Ethnic Groups in Bulgaria
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Albanians in Bulgaria

Ethnic map of the Balkans from 1861, by G. Lejean. The map also represents the Albanian village "Arnaut-Köy" from the South of present-day Bulgaria

Albanians (Bulgarian: албанци, albantsi) are a small minority ethnic group in Bulgaria (Albanian: Bullgaria). Although according to the 2001 census they only numbered 278,[1] their number in the Bulgarian lands was much larger in the past. Between the 15th and 17th century, groups of Albanians (both Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox by confession) settled in many parts of modern northern Bulgaria, with a less numerous group of settlers in southern Thrace.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Catholic settlers 1.1
    • Orthodox settlers 1.2
    • Post-Liberation activities 1.3
  • See also 2
  • References 3
    • Footnotes 3.1
    • Sources 3.2

History

Catholic settlers

Some of the earliest Albanian settlers in modern Bulgaria were the Roman Catholic ore miners in Kopilovtsi, Montana Province, a village in the vicinity of the larger mining centre Chiprovtsi. Kopilovtsi was settled between the 15th and the 17th century; a Catholic church was built in the early 17th century. Unlike the Catholic population in other villages of the region, Kopilovtsi's residents were of Albanian origin. In 1626, the Archbishop of Bar Pjetër Mazreku claims that part of the Bulgarian Catholics are Albanians (Albanesi), Saxons and Paulicians. According to Bulgarian bishop Petar Bogdan, Kopilovtsi had 1,200 Catholics of Albanian origin who were still speaking the Albanian language in 1640. In another report from 1647, Petar Bogdan also lists 1,200 Albanian Catholics in Kopilovtsi, but notes that they have started using Slavic instead. By 1658, Petar Bogdan notes that the over 1,500 Albanians in Kopilovtsi spoke Bulgarian and only retained some traces of their original language. Kopilovtsi, along with Chiprovtsi, was depopulated with the crushing of the Chiprovtsi Uprising in 1688.[2]

Orthodox settlers

Albanian settlement in northern Bulgaria was not limited to Catholics—in a 1595 letter to the Prince of Transylvania, Ragusan merchant Pavel Đorđić notes that "in Bulgaria there are many villages inhabited by Albanians, from where 7,000 brave and well-trained men can be rallied". In the same letter, Đorđić claims that 1,500 of those Albanians lived near Tarnovo.[3]

Indeed, the toponym Arbanasi, a village near the city of Tarnovo, is a hint at Albanian settlement in the region. Arbanasi was populated (or repopulated) in the late 15th century and as an administratively autonomous village in the Ottoman Empire attracted many settlers. It is theorized that the first settlers were around 100–200 Albanians who were brought there during Bayezid II's campaigns in Albania. These settlers were gradually Hellenized and Bulgarianized in the following centuries.[4]

Other places in northern Bulgaria where an Albanian presence has been strongly suggested are Chervena Voda near Rousse, Poroishte near Razgrad, Dobrina near Provadia and Devnya near Varna.[5] Albanians have been registered in the modern Bulgarian capital Sofia since the early 17th century; other possible colonies south of the Balkan Mountains included Gorno Arbanasi and Dolno Arbanasi near Asenovgrad.[6] The most notable Albanian village in Bulgarian Thrace is Mandritsa near Ivaylovgrad, which was settled in the first half of the 17th century by settlers from near Korçë. A church was built in 1718.[7] The village reached its demographic peak before the Balkan Wars; in 1912, it was inhabited by 1,879 people.[8]

Post-Liberation activities

After the National Renaissance of Albania, including publications by brothers Naim Frashëri and Sami Frashëri.[9] Most notably, the text of the Albanian national anthem, Aleksander Stavre Drenova's Hymn to the Flag, was first published in Sofia by the Freedom of Albania newspaper.

See also

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Етнически малцинствени общности" (in Bulgarian). Национален съвет за сътрудничество по етническите и демографските въпроси. Retrieved 2007-02-18. 
  2. ^ Гюзелев, pp. 45–47.
  3. ^ Гюзелев, p. 50.
  4. ^ Гюзелев, pp. 54–56.
  5. ^ Гюзелев, pp. 57–75.
  6. ^ Гюзелев, pp. 97–99.
  7. ^ Гюзелев, pp. 99–100.
  8. ^ Милетич, Л. Разорението на тракийските българи през 1913 г. София, 1918, с. 86.
  9. ^ Бобев, Боби; Тома Кацори (1998). "Албанците в България" (in Bulgarian). Archived from the original on 24 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 

Sources

  • Гюзелев, Боян (2004). Албанци в Източните Балкани (Albanians in the Eastern Balkans) (in Bulgarian). София: Международен център за изследване на малцинствата и културните взаимодействия.  


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.