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Alabama's 1st congressional district

Alabama's 1st congressional district
Alabama's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Alabama's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Bradley Byrne (RFairhope)
Area 7,182 mi2
Population (2000) 635,300
Median income $34,739
Ethnicity 67.8% White, 28% Black, 1% Asian, 1.3% Hispanic, 1% Native American, 1% other
Occupation 29.7% blue collar, 54.5% white collar, 15.6% gray collar
Cook PVI R+15[1]

Alabama's 1st congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in Alabama, which elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It includes the counties of Washington, Mobile, Baldwin, Escambia and Monroe counties. It also includes part of Clarke County.

It is currently represented by Republican Bradley Byrne, a former Alabama State Senator who was elected to finish the term of 10-year incumbent Jo Bonner, who vacated the seat on August 2, 2013 to become vice chancellor for the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa.

Contents

  • Character 1
  • Voting 2
  • List of representatives 3
  • Recent Candidates 4
    • Republican candidates 4.1
    • Democratic candidates 4.2
    • Libertarian candidates 4.3
  • Recent election results in congressional races 5
    • 2002 5.1
    • 2004 5.2
    • 2006 5.3
    • 2008 5.4
    • 2010 5.5
    • 2012 5.6
    • 2013 (Special) 5.7
    • 2014 5.8
  • Living former Members 6
  • Historical district boundaries 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Character

Mobile, Alabama is the focus of this district, which extends north along the Tombigee and Alabama rivers. Timber production remains the biggest source of contributions to the local economy, however recently gulf coast condominium developments in Baldwin county represent new economic possibilities.

Politically, this area was one of the first in Alabama to shake off its Democratic roots. It was one of five districts to swing Republican in 1964, when Barry Goldwater swept the state; the GOP has held the district in every House election since then. However, conservative Democrats continued to hold most state and local offices well into the 1990s.

It supported 2008, John McCain received 61.01% of the vote in the district while 38.38% supported Barack Obama.

The 1st traditionally gives its congressmen very long tenures in Washington. Only six men have held it in the last century.

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 60 - 38%
2004 President Bush 64 - 35%
2008 President McCain 61 - 39%
2012 President Romney 62 - 37%

List of representatives

A visual representation of party control of the district, 1823-2005.
Cong
ress
Representative Party Years Notes

Note: Since the list of representatives and parties runs chronologically from past to present, it would be food if the visual representation; right now they are in reverse to each other.

March 4, 1823 District created
18th Gabriel Moore Jacksonian
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Redistricted from the At-large district
19th
20th
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 4, 1829
21st
22nd
23rd
Clement C. Clay Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1835
24th Reuben Chapman Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837

Redistricted to the At-large district
25th
26th
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
27th March 3, 1841 –
March 4, 1843
District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
28th James Dellet Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
29th Edmund S. Dargan Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
30th John Gayle Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
31st William J. Alston Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
32nd John Bragg Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
33rd Philip Phillips Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
34th Percy Walker American March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
35th
36th
James Adams Stallworth Democratic March 4, 1857 –
January 12, 1861
Withdrew
36th
37th
38th
39th
40th
January 12, 1861 –
July 22, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction
40th Francis William Kellogg Republican July 22, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
41st Alfred Buck Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
42nd Benjamin Sterling Turner Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
43rd Frederick Bromberg Liberal Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
44th Jeremiah Haralson Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
45th James T. Jones Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
46th
47th
48th
Thomas H. Herndon Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 28, 1883
Died
48th Vacant March 28, 1883 –
December 3, 1883
48th
49th
50th
James T. Jones Democratic December 3, 1883 –
March 3, 1889
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
Richard Henry Clarke Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1897
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
George W. Taylor Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1915
64th
65th
Oscar Lee Gray Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
John McDuffie Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 2, 1935
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge
74th Vacant March 2, 1935 –
July 30, 1935
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Frank W. Boykin Democratic July 30, 1935 –
January 3, 1963
Lost re-election for the at-large seat
88th January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
District inactive, all representatives elected at-large
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
Jack Edwards Republican January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1985
Retired, endorsed Sonny Callahan as successor
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Sonny Callahan Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 2003
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
Jo Bonner Republican January 3, 2003 –
August 2, 2013
Resigned to become vice-chancellor in University of Alabama System[2]
113th Vacant August 2, 2013 –
December 17, 2013
113th
114th
Bradley Byrne Republican December 17, 2013 –
present
First elected to finish Bonner's term.
Re-elected in 2014.

Recent Candidates

Republican candidates

Democratic candidates

Libertarian candidates

  • Dick Coffee - third place candidate in 2002

Recent election results in congressional races

2002

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Bonner 108,102 60.54%
Democratic Judy Belk 67,507 37.81%
Libertarian Richard "Dick" Coffee 2,957 1.66%
Republican hold

2004

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Bonner 161,067 63.16% 2.62%
Democratic Judy Belk 93,938 36.84% 0.97%
Republican hold

2006

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Bonner 112,944 68.16% 5.00%
Democratic Vivian Beckerle 52,770 31.84% 5.00%
Republican hold

2008

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Bonner 210,660 98.30% 30.14%
Republican hold

2010

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Bonner 129,063 82.58% 15.72%
Constitution David M. Walter 26,357 16.87% 16.87%
Republican hold

2012

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Bonner 196,073 100.00%
Republican hold

2013 (Special)

A special election was held following the resignation of Jo Bonner (R) on August 2, 2013 to become vice chancellor for the University of Alabama.[3] Primary elections were held on September 24. A runoff in the Republican primary took place on November 5 and the general election was pushed back to December 17.[4] Republican Bradley Byrne won the election by a wide margin in the strongly conservative district.[5]

2014

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Bradley Byrne 103,320 68.32% 31.68%
Democratic Burton LeFlore 47,913 31.68% 31.68%
Republican hold

Living former Members

As of April 2015, there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 1st congressional district who are currently living at this time.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Jack Edwards 1965–1985 (1928-09-20) September 20, 1928
Sonny Callahan 1985–2003 (1932-09-11) September 11, 1932
Jo Bonner 2003–2013 (1959-11-19) November 19, 1959

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.politico.com/story/2013/05/jo-bonner-retirement-reports-91833.html
  3. ^ "LIVE: Rep. Jo Bonner talks about his resignation from Congress; new job at UA". Blog.al.com. May 23, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2013. 
  4. ^ "9 Republicans, 2 Democrats qualify for AL-01 congressional race". Blog.al.com. August 6, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  5. ^ Sullivan, Sean (December 17, 2013). "Republican Bradley Byrne wins Alabama special election".  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

External links

  • CNN converage of the 2004 election
  • CNN converage of the 2002 election
  • CNN converage of the 2000 election
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