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Agriculture in Albania

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Agriculture in Albania

Agriculture in Albania employs 47.8% of the population and about 24.31% of the land is used for agricultural purposes. Agriculture contributes to 18.9% of the country's GDP. Domestic farm products accounted for 63% of household expenditures and 25% of exports in 1990. As part of the pre-accession process of Albania to the EU, farmers are being aided through IPA 2011 funds to improve Albanian agriculture standards.[1] One of the earliest farming sites in Europe has been found in Southeastern Albania.[2]

Contents

  • Production and exports 1
  • Forestry 2
  • Fishing 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Production and exports

The main agricultural products in Albania are tobacco, figs, olives, wheat, maize, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes; meat, honey, dairy products, and traditional medicine plants. Agriculture accounts for 18.9% of the GDP and a large portion of the exports.

Forestry

Albania has soils and a climate favorable to an extensive lumber industry. Many of the historic forests of Albania were destroyed with inefficient wood industry and expanse of agricultural land in the 1990s. Today, forests cover about one third of Albania’s land area and, due to an agreement with Italy and the World Bank, there is a large amount of reforestation underway.

Fishing

Albania’s proximity to the Ionian Sea and the Adriatic Sea give the underdeveloped fishing industry great potential. World Bank and European Community economists report that Albania's fishing industry has good potential to generate export earnings because prices in the nearby Greek and Italian markets are many times higher than those in the Albanian market. The fish available off the coasts of Albania are carp, trout, sea bream, mussels, and crustaceans.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/albania/ipa/2011/pf_7_agriculture_ipard_like_measures.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.uc.edu/news/NR.aspx?id=15552

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Library of Congress Country Studies.

  • Country studies
  • CIA World Factbook
  • Encyclopædia Britannica

Further reading

  • . Montpellier : CIHEAM, 2008. p. 241-264 (Options Méditerranéennes : Série B. Etudes et Recherches; n. 61)Les agricultures méditerranéennes : analyses par paysDashi E., Guri F. "Food, Rural, Agricultural and Fisheries Policies in Albania". In : Allaya M. (ed.)
  • , 41 (2), 2009Research Journal of Agricultural ScienceJojic Etleva; Bujar Huqi, Fatbardh Sallaku, Odeta Tota, and Shkelqim Fortuzi. "Land Fragmentation and Utilization of Agricultural Machinery in Albanian Conditions",
  • Ana Mane Kapaj and Ilir Kapaj (2012). Olive Oil Sector in Albania and Its Perspective, Olive Oil - Constituents, Quality, Health Properties and Bioconversions, Boskou Dimitrios (Ed.), ISBN 978-953-307-921-9, InTech
  • Miluka, Juna; Gero Carletto, Benjamin Davis, and Alberto Zezza. “The Vanishing Farms? The Impact of International Migration on Albanian Family Farming”, Journal of Development Studies 46, no.1 (2010): 1140 - 1161
  • Muller, Daniel and Thomas Sikor. "Effects of Post-Socialist Reforms on Land Cover and Land Use in South-Eastern Albania." Applied Geography 26, no. 3-4 (2006):175-191.

External links

  • Agency for Agricultural and Rural Development Official Website
  • Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development, and Water Administration of Albania Official Website
  • Albanian Agribusiness Council Official Website
  • Organic Agriculture Association of Albania Official Website
  • Well Food Hub Adriatic Project
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