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Aaron Schock

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Aaron Schock

Aaron Schock
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 18th district
In office
January 3, 2009 – March 31, 2015
Preceded by Ray LaHood
Succeeded by Darin LaHood
Member of the Illinois House of Representatives
from the 92nd district
In office
January 12, 2005 – January 3, 2009
Preceded by Ricca Slone
Succeeded by Joan Krupa
Personal details
Born Aaron Jon Schock
(1981-05-28) May 28, 1981
Morris, Minnesota, United States
Political party Republican
Alma mater Illinois Central College
Bradley University
Religion Conservative Baptist
Website House website

Aaron Jon Schock (born May 28, 1981) is an American politician who is the former United States Representative for Illinois's 18th congressional district, with service from 2009 until 2015. He is a member of the Republican Party. The district is based in Peoria and includes part of Springfield. He was the first member of the U.S. Congress born in the 1980s (and thus at the time he took his seat in 2009 he was the youngest member of Congress).[1] Previously, Schock served two terms in the Illinois House of Representatives and was its youngest member.

On March 17, 2015, after controversy about his use of federal funds, Schock announced his resignation from Congress, effective March 31.

Contents

  • Early life, education and career 1
  • Peoria board of education 2
  • Illinois legislature 3
  • U.S. House of Representatives 4
    • Elections 4.1
      • 2008 4.1.1
      • 2010 4.1.2
      • 2012 4.1.3
      • 2014 4.1.4
    • Legislation 4.2
    • Political positions 4.3
      • Economy 4.3.1
      • Energy and environment 4.3.2
      • Foreign policy 4.3.3
      • Social issues 4.3.4
      • Taxes 4.3.5
      • Civil liberties 4.3.6
    • Committee assignments 4.4
  • Media coverage 5
  • Use of funds and resignation 6
  • Electoral history 7
    • Peoria board of education 7.1
    • Illinois House of Representatives 7.2
    • U.S. House of Representatives 7.3
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Early life, education and career

Schock was born in Morris, Minnesota,[2] the youngest of the four children[3] of Janice Marie, a homemaker, and Richard Schock, a family practice physician and former school board member.[4][5][6] During his early years, the family lived on a rural farm site where the children were given the responsibility of tending a three-acre patch of strawberries and selling the fruit.[7] When he was in fourth grade, his family moved to Peoria. In 1995, he was elected to the executive board of the Illinois Association of Junior High Student Councils.[8]

Schock began working during the fifth grade, doing database management as an independent contractor for a bookstore chain.[9] He later bought event tickets for a licensed ticket broker, using six phone lines and thirteen credit cards, and investing his earnings in the stock market.[9] When he was in the eighth grade, he began doing the accounting work for a gravel pit, a job he kept throughout his high school years.[9] Schock started his own Individual Retirement Account at age 14.[10]

Schock attended Richwoods High School.[7] By his junior year of high school, he had completed nearly all of his graduation requirements, and had few course options available because the school district had recently discontinued most of the advanced placement and other advanced courses due to budget cuts.[11][12] School district policy did not allow him to graduate early, and the board members refused his requests to change the policy.[7][11] He began attending classes at Illinois Central College in East Peoria, earning dual credits toward high school and college graduation.[12] He graduated from high school in 2000.[7]

Schock received his

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ray LaHood
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 18th congressional district

January 3, 2009 – March 31, 2015
Succeeded by
Darin LaHood
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Patrick McHenry
Baby of the House
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Patrick Murphy

External links

  1. ^ "Congressman Aaron Schock". Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Aaron Schock at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d Nave, R.L. (October 2, 2008). "Kid Schock".  
  4. ^ Plank, Tami (May 20, 2009). "Looking Back". Morris Sun Tribune. "Items taken from the Tribune, May 10, 1984...Voters will elect school board members throughout Minnesota on Tuesday, May 15. In the Morris-Donnelly district, the candidates are Lowell Roholff, Roy Larson, and incumbent Richard Felstul. Incumbents Harold Luthi and Dr. Richard Schock did not file. 
  5. ^ Schoenburg, Bernard. "Schock's Father Ensnarled in Tax Fraud Case".   Includes father's name, medical specialty and mother's married name.
  6. ^ "Generation Y Comes To Congress".  
  7. ^ a b c d e IBI staff reporter (October 2006). "Aaron Schock – Fighting to Make Changes in Springfield". Peoria Magazine. Retrieved February 2011. 
  8. ^ "District Representative, Special Award".  
  9. ^ a b c d e f May, Caroline (July 31, 2010). "Illinois Republican Rep. Aaron Schock's Path to Congress and His hopes for the Country's Future".  
  10. ^ a b "Rep. Aaron Schock (R)".  
  11. ^ a b c d Staff (February 7, 2008). "IR Focus: Aaron Schock, GOP candidate for 18th CD". Illinois Review. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Haney, Dave (August 19, 2008). "District 150 an 'Early College' Partner".  
  13. ^ a b "Biography". aaronschock.com. December 12, 2007. Archived from the original on May 18, 2008. Retrieved November 7, 2008. 
  14. ^ Bibo, Terry. "Bibo: Schock needs more than luck".  
  15. ^ a b "SCHOCK, Aaron".  
  16. ^ a b c d e f "Aaron Schock through the Years".  
  17. ^ "Election 2008, Aaron Schock (R)".  
  18. ^ a b "Schock To Serve on Committees".  
  19. ^ "Representative Aaron Schock (R), 92nd District – Committees". Illinois General Assembly, 94th Assembly (2005–2006). State of Illinois. Retrieved February 12, 2011. ; "Representative Aaron Schock (R), 92nd District – Committees". Illinois General Assembly, 95th Assembly (2007–2008). State of Illinois. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  20. ^ a b "Representative Aaron Schock (R), 92nd District – Bills, Chief Sponsor". Illinois General Assembly, 94th Assembly (2005–2006). State of Illinois. Retrieved February 12, 2011. ; "Representative Aaron Schock (R), 92nd District – Bills, Chief Sponsor". Illinois General Assembly, 95th Assembly (2007–2008). State of Illinois. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  21. ^ Haney, Dave (April 27, 2011). "Dignitaries praise new Peoria airport terminal during ceremony".  
  22. ^ Riopell, Mike (October 4, 2008). "Shock, Callahan Hope To Show Differences in Debate".  
  23. ^ a b Adriana Colindres (October 2008). "Schock: Energy, defense, taxes the big issues". The State Journal-Register. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  24. ^ Schoenburg, Bernard (September 25, 2008). "Feisty Callahan Takes Off Gloves in TV Ad vs. Schock".  
  25. ^ McDonald, Karen (February 6, 2008). "Schock Claims Victory".  
  26. ^ Staff (September 25, 2008). "Talking Point for Sept. 26: The Back Story".  
  27. ^ Sampier, Kevin (September 30, 2008). "Schock To Repay City for Costs of Bush Visit".  
  28. ^ "Schock and awe: The GOP's young secret weapon?". CNN. May 9, 2009. Retrieved April 12, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Our View: 18th Congressional District: Aaron Schock".  
  30. ^ Wills, Christopher (October 14, 2008). "Peoria Star Journal". False dates on documents raise questions for Schock. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  31. ^ McDonald, Karen (November 5, 2008). "Schock Could Be Next 'Poster Child' for GOP, LaHood Says".  
  32. ^ McDonald, Karen (November 4, 2008). "Schock Rolls in 18th Congressional District".  
  33. ^ James, Randy (January 8, 2009). "The First Gen Y Congressman".  
  34. ^ "State Representative Joan Krupa".  
  35. ^ a b "18th Congressional District endorsement: Aaron Schock".  
  36. ^ Denham, Ryan (February 14, 2012). "Schock's GOP challenger kicked off ballot".  
  37. ^ Kaergard, Chris (March 20, 2012). "Waterworth becomes Schock's next opponent".  
  38. ^ Breshanan, John (April 30, 2012). "Aaron Schock hit with FEC complaint".  
  39. ^ Becker, Amanda (December 14, 2012). "House Ethics Confirms Cases of Owens, Schock".  
  40. ^ Pearson, Rick; Katherine Skiba (February 7, 2013). "Ethics case against Schock outlined".  
  41. ^ a b "Aaron Schock, a Lawmaker Used to Attention, Draws a Little More Than He Wanted".  
  42. ^ "Aaron Schock faces second ethics complaint over home sale". Washingtontimes.com. February 10, 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  43. ^ "Our Opinion: In the 18th District, Schock for Congress". The State-Journal Register. October 19, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2012. 
  44. ^ a b "Our View: 18th Congress: Schock". Peoria Journal-Star. October 13, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2012. 
  45. ^ "For the U.S. House". Chicago Tribune. October 12, 2012. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  46. ^ Husar, Edward (November 7, 2012). "Schock captures 74 percent of vote, eager to begin third term in Congress".  
  47. ^ a b c d "Rep. Aaron Schock Looks to Build Political Profile".  
  48. ^ Wilson, Reid (November 2, 2012). "Schock Exploring Governor Bid". National Journal. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  49. ^ "Aaron Schock to seek re-election to Congress". Star Courier. April 27, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  50. ^ "Schock Good Government Amendment Adopted In TARP Accountability Act".  
  51. ^ a b "IL Republican: Obama only arm-twisted in public". CNN. February 16, 2009. Archived from the original on April 5, 2009. Retrieved March 21, 2009. 
  52. ^ "Schock named outstanding young graduate".  
  53. ^ "H.R. 930 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  54. ^ "CBO – H.R. 930". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  55. ^ "H.R. 5455 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  56. ^ a b "H.R. 1814 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  57. ^ a b Kasperowicz, Pete (April 29, 2013). "Bipartisan group calls for broader religious exemptions in ObamaCare". The Hill. Retrieved March 11, 2014. 
  58. ^ Nicki Rossoll (December 9, 2013). "Ted Cruz, Newt Gingrich Defend Mandela Against GOP Critics". ABC News. 
  59. ^ Broder, David S. (October 2, 2007). "A Setback For Civility".  
  60. ^ Cassidy, Peggy (February 27, 2009). "State Pol Sends Schock Waves Through D.C.".  
  61. ^ "For Congress".  
  62. ^ a b "'"House Vote 638 – Repeals 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell.  
  63. ^ a b "RSC Member List".  
  64. ^ Stevenson, Peter (July 8, 2010). "Aaron Schock profile". New York Times. Retrieved March 21, 2012. 
  65. ^ "2012 GOP Lawmaker Endorsements for President".  
  66. ^ Sabella, Jen (May 22, 2010). "Health Care Reform: How Illinois Representatives Voted". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 11, 2012. 
  67. ^ "Congressman Schock sits in on Obamacare hearings".  
  68. ^ "Schock Saves Taxpayers Tens of Millions in Wasteful Spending". Congressman Aaron Schock. February 19, 2011. Retrieved April 16, 2012. 
  69. ^ "Pugilistic NEA Head Will Testify Arts Create Jobs: Commentary".  
  70. ^ "Lawmakers push for six-year highway bill".  
  71. ^ "Schock gathering support for highway bill".  
  72. ^ "List of ATR Tax Pledge Signers".  
  73. ^ "H.R. 2888: Help Veterans Own Franchises Act".  
  74. ^ "River projects to get more than $23 million".  
  75. ^ "The walk-walkers: 10 who make it happen for renewables, bioenergy in DC". Biofuels Digest. April 21, 2010. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  76. ^ "Schock: Energy, defense, taxes the big issues".  
  77. ^ "Schock wants to prohibit federal funding of Guantanamo transfers". Journal Courier. November 17, 2009. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  78. ^ Clark, Lesley (October 28, 2009). "Lawmakers Ask Library of Congress To Retract Honduras Report".  
  79. ^ Gutiérrez, Norma C. (August 2009). "Honduras: Constitutional Issues" (PDF).   LL File Number 2009-002965.
  80. ^ "Schock Releases Report Contradicting State Department on Honduras" (Press release). Office of U.S. Representative Aaron Schock. September 24, 2009. Archived from the original on February 3, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  81. ^ Schoenburg, Bernard (December 16, 2009). "Schock's View on Torture Draw Fire".  
  82. ^ "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 223: H R 1913 Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act".  
  83. ^ "H.R. 11 Employment Discrimination Law Amendments". Project Vote Smart. November 22, 2012. 
  84. ^ "H. Amdt. 1416 Prohibits Use of Funds in Contravention of the Defense of Marriage Act". Project Vote Smart. November 22, 2012. 
  85. ^ "Aaron Schock on Abortion". On The Issues. Retrieved April 16, 2012. 
  86. ^ "Aaron Schock on Abortion". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  87. ^ "Representative Aaron Schock's Voting Records". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  88. ^ "'"GOP lawmaker slammed for calling illegal immigrants 'undocumented citizens. TheHill.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  89. ^ Feere, Jon (August 8, 2013). "GOP Congressman Calls Illegal Aliens "Undocumented Citizens", Trusts Obama Administration | Center for Immigration Studies". Cis.org. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  90. ^ "Our View: Aaron Schock's red room (and his very bad week) – Opinion". Pjstar.com. February 5, 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  91. ^ Julie Harrison, "Tax Foundation gives Schock, Rubio higher education bill thumbs up", The Ripon Advance, March 9, 2013; retrieved April 9, 2013.
  92. ^ "HR 1540 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 – Voting Record". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  93. ^ a b c d Oliphant, James (April 5, 2009). "Aaron Schock, GOP's Fresh Face, Mixes TMZ and House Committees".  
  94. ^ a b "Schock given leading voice in House".  
  95. ^ "Don't call me moderate, I'm a centrist". CNN. July 28, 2006. Retrieved April 17, 2009. 
  96. ^ Strzemien, Anya (February 4, 2009). """Aaron Schock: HuffPost Readers Elect Republican Congressman "Hottest Freshman.  
  97. ^ "Illinois Congressman is Schockingly Hot" (video).  
  98. ^ Staff. "Studly Congressman Takes the Ab Test" (video).  
  99. ^ Huffington Post. Aaron Schock Defends TMZ Appearances, Abs On "Reliable Sources". March 23, 2009.
  100. ^ "Stephen Colbert Grills Aaron Schock: 'Do You Or Do You Not Have Six-Pack Abs?' (Video)".  
  101. ^ a b Kevin Rennie (March 16, 2015). "Noxious narcissism: The Capitol high life". 
  102. ^ Parker, Ashley (July 7, 2010). "Building Consensus Around a Congressman's Abs".  
  103. ^ "Poll: Who's the Most Influential Millennial?". Time. May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  104. ^ "Illinois Rep. Aaron Schock under fire for 'Downton Abbey' office redo". Chicagotribune.com. February 3, 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  105. ^ Terris, Ben (December 18, 2014). "He's got a ‘Downton Abbey’-inspired office, but Rep. Aaron Schock won't talk about it.". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  106. ^ Miller, Julie (February 3, 2015). "33-Year-Old Congressman Aaron Schock Causes Controversy with Downton Abbey-Themed Office". Vanityfair.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  107. ^ a b "Rep. Schock Faces Ethics Investigation Over Lavish Office Decor". Nbcchicago.com. February 3, 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  108. ^ Draft, First (February 4, 2015). "Schock Says ‘Haters Gonna Hate’ on Office Decor". New York Times. 
  109. ^ O'Keefe, Ed (February 4, 2015). "Aaron Schock plans to pay decorator for his ‘Downton Abbey’-inspired office". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  110. ^ Sincer, Paul (February 3, 2015). "Taxpayers pay thousands for Rep. Schock's renovations".  
  111. ^ a b Hughes, Greg (February 13, 2015). "The Many, Many Problems of 'Downton' Office Congressman Aaron Schock". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  112. ^ "Spending questions surround congressman". Wgntv.com. February 12, 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  113. ^ Jack Gillum (February 23, 2015). "Lawmaker with lavish decor billed private planes, concerts". US News & World Report. 
  114. ^ Dukakis, Ali (February 6, 2015). "'"That Time Aaron Schock Talked Congressional Ethics Rules on 'Top Chef. Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  115. ^ "Another Bad Trip for Schock". NationalJournal.com. March 12, 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  116. ^ Athena Jones (March 12, 2015). "Aaron Schock took photographer to India, did not disclose it". CNN.com. Retrieved March 15, 2015. 
  117. ^ Greg Hernandez (March 13, 2015). "Republican Congressman Aaron Schock under scrutiny for taking male companion on official trip to India".  
  118. ^ "Rep. Aaron Schock benefited from donor projects".  
  119. ^ "Donors had role in Congressman Aaron Schock's 2014 property deal".  
  120. ^ David Weigel (March 11, 2015). "Conservatives to Aaron Schock: Don't Let the Door Hit You". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  121. ^ Chris Kaergard (March 11, 2015). "'"Rep. Aaron Schock brushes off calls for resignation, says he's 'not going anywhere. Pjstar.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  122. ^ Charles C.W.Cooke (March 10, 2015). "Aaron Schock Should Find a Different Job". Nationalreview.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  123. ^ a b "Aaron Schock resigns after new questions about mileage expenses". Politico. March 17, 2015. 
  124. ^ Sweet, Lynn (March 22, 2015). "New Schock mileage questions: How he got caught". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 23, 2015. 
  125. ^ DeBonis, Mike (March 17, 2015). "Rep. Aaron Schock announces resignation in wake of spending probe". Washington Post. Retrieved March 18, 2015. 
  126. ^ Serrano, Richard; Skiba, Katherine (March 20, 2015). "Feds investigate Schock's expenses, seek grand jury in Springfield". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  127. ^ "Ballots Cast – General Election – 11/2/2004 – General Assembly – 92nd Representative". Retrieved February 26, 2011. 
  128. ^ "Ballots Cast – General Election – 11/7/2006 – General Assembly – 92nd Representative". Retrieved February 26, 2011. 
  129. ^ "title=Ballots Cast – General Primary Election – 2/5/2008 – 18th Congressional District". Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved February 26, 2011. 
  130. ^ "Ballots Cast – General Election – 11/4/2008 – 18th Congressional District". Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved February 26, 2011. 
  131. ^ "Ballots Cast – General Election – 11/2/2010 – 18th Congressional District". Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved February 26, 2011. 
  132. ^ "Official Vote: November 6, 2012 General Election" (PDF). Illinois State Board of Elections. p. 37. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  133. ^ "Official Vote: November 4, 2014 General Election" (PDF). Illinois State Board of Elections. p. 37. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 

References

See also

General Election – 4 Nov 2014 Illinois's 18th Congressional District[133]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Aaron Schock (incumbent) 184,363 74.72
Democratic Darrel Miller 62,377 25.28
Republican hold
General Election – 6 Nov 2012 Illinois's 18th Congressional District[132]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Aaron Schock (incumbent) 244,467 74.16
Democratic Steve Waterworth 85,164 25.84
Republican hold
General Election – 11/2/2010 Illinois's 18th Congressional District[131]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Aaron Schock (incumbent) 152,868 69.12
Democratic Deirdre "DK" Hirner 57,046 25.79
Green Sheldon Schafer 11,256 5.09
Republican hold
General Election – 11/4/2008 Illinois's 18th Congressional District[130]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Aaron Schock 182,589 58.88
Democratic Colleen Callahan 117,642 37.94
Green Sheldon Schafer 9,857 3.1
Republican hold
General Primary – 2/5/2008 Illinois's 18th Congressional District [129]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Aaron Schock 55,610 71.17
Republican Jim McConoughey 13,363 17.1
Republican John D. Morris 9,160 11.72

U.S. House of Representatives

General Election – 11/7/2006 – Illinois General Assembly – 92nd District[128]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Aaron Schock (incumbent) 14,703 58.87
Democratic Bill Spears 10,271 41.13
Republican hold
General Election – 11/2/2004 – Illinois General Assembly – 92nd District [127]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Aaron Schock 19,719 50.3
Democratic Ricca Slone (incumbent) 19,484 49.7
Republican gain from Democratic

Illinois House of Representatives

Schock served on the Peoria board of education from 2001 to 2005, and was the president of the board from 2004 to 2005. He won election to the board as a write-in candidate, defeating the incumbent 60% to 40%, with over 6,400 write-in votes.

Peoria board of education

Electoral history

On March 17, Schock announced his resignation from Congress, effective March 31.[125] The resignation came less than 12 hours after the Politico report about the questionable reimbursements went online. On the day he announced his resignation, his spokesman said that Schock had refunded all reimbursements he had received for mileage on his car.[123] By resigning, he avoided an impending congressional ethics inquiry. On March 20, the Chicago Tribune reported that federal investigators had opened a "preliminary investigation" into the activities of Schock.[126]

On March 16, Politico reported that Schock had requested the federal government and his campaign reimburse him for a total of 170,000 miles that were driven on his personal car, a Chevrolet Tahoe, between January 2010 and July 2014. But when he transferred that car back to the dealer in July 2014, he signed documents saying it had only been driven 80,000 miles.[123] A subsequent investigation by the Chicago Sun-Times of reimbursements on Schock's previous vehicle, a GM Envoy, revealed a similar discrepancy. He bought the Envoy in 2007 while still in the state house. The Envoy had 24,300 miles on its odometer when he bought it. When he sold it in 2009, he'd put an additional 53,100 miles on it in a little over two years. However, during 2009 he billed the federal government and his campaign for a total of 42,300 miles.[124]

[122] called him "a crook" and stated: "Politics shouldn't be a ticket to a celebrity lifestyle on the public's dime. For a man who has enjoyed such a short and undistinguished career, Illinois's Representative Aaron Schock (R) has sure packed in a lot of corruption."National Review [121][120] Conservative commentators began calling for Schock's replacement.[119][118] The Associated Press also reported that much of Schock's personal wealth had been built with the assistance of political donors.[117][116] including that Schock had accepted money from an outside group, the [115][114] In March 2015 there were further reports of spending and disclosure irregularities,

Further media scrutiny of congressional expenditure reports showed that Schock had spent over $100,000 in government funds on office decorating and renovations between January 2009 and late 2014, mostly during his first term.[110] Other media reported Schock had charged thousands of dollars for private flights, legal expenses, new cars, tickets to the Super Bowl and Country Music Awards,[111] as well as cufflinks, massage, "gold equipment" and cigars[112] to his government-funded office account. The Associated Press accessed the location metadata on Schock's Instagram photos and correlated it with private flight records to identify flights that did not correspond to his campaign finance disclosures.[113] In response, Schock's office stated it had begun an internal review of the reimbursements.[111]

In February 2015, The Washington Post reported that Schock's congressional offices had been lavishly redecorated in a style inspired by the aristocratic homes in the television show Downton Abbey.[104][105][106] In response to that story, the watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) filed a complaint alleging Schock could have received an improper gift. CREW's executive director, Anne Weismann, stated, "Again and again, Rep. Schock's seeming obsession with his image impedes his ability to conduct himself in [an] ethical manner."[107] Schock dismissed the criticism with the statement "Haters gonna hate", which was in turn criticized for its apparent flippancy.[101][108] Schock later stated he intended to pay the decorator.[109] Another investigation had discovered he had spent campaign money on workout DVDs.[107]

Use of funds and resignation

In 2012, Schock told Roll Call that "I'm a big believer if you want to change people's minds or get someone to vote for you, either a voter or a colleague, you've got to first get their attention. If people don't know who you are, they're not going to listen to your message. And not everybody pays attention to politicians by watching Fox News and CNN."[47] In May 2013, Schock was nominated for and included in a Time magazine poll titled "Who's the Most Influential Millennial?"[103]

In 2009, Schock appeared on The Colbert Report, during which the host, Stephen Colbert – making fun of the TMZ reports  – "grilled" Schock about his "six-pack abs".[100] Schock went on to appear on the cover of the June 2011 issue of Men's Health, which one commentator decried as evidence of "a narcissism that never rests".[101] Schock appeared on Season 7 (2010) of Top Chef, a competition reality-television program, as a guest judge.[102]

Schock received an unusual amount of media coverage during his first term in Congress, much of it focusing on his physique and youthful appearance.[9][93] According to The New York Times, he has "cultivated an image that is more about lifestyle and less about lawmaking."[41] Schock was selected "hottest freshman" congressman in a February 2009 reader poll on The Huffington Post.[96] Schock has been frequently targeted by TMZ.com reporters since his arrival in Washington.[97][98] Schock told CNN's Reliable Sources that such soft media coverage could increase voters' interest in politics. "People who watch TMZ or different mediums don't expect to see their congressman on such a show", he said. "To see their hometown congressman on a show like this kind of raises their interest and gets them a little excited."[99]

Schock on Men's Health's June 2011 cover.

Media coverage

At the beginning of his second term in 2011, Schock was appointed to the Ways and Means Committee.[94] On the committee he served on the Subcommittee on Trade, Subcommittee on Social Security and Subcommittee on Oversight. The Subcommittee on Trade has oversight over reciprocal trade agreements including multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations and implementation of agreements involving tariff and non-tariff trade barriers. Schock also served on the Committee on House Administration, which is charged with the oversight of federal elections and the day-to-day operations of the House of Representatives.

During his first term, Schock requested and was given three committee assignments.[93] In addition, he was appointed by Minority Whip Eric Cantor to be a deputy minority whip.[93][94] He served as Ranking Member of the Subcommittee on Contracting and Technology of the Small Business Committee. Soon after being sworn in to serve his first term, he joined the Republican Study Committee, "a home for deficit hawks", according to the Los Angeles Times.[93] As of April 2012, he is no longer a member of the Republican Study Committee.[63] Schock was a member of the Republican Main Street Partnership, a group of moderate Republicans who advocate reducing the deficit, cutting taxes, and focusing on education and environmental issues.[95]

Committee assignments

Schock voted for the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012.[92]

Civil liberties

Schock, along with Senator Marco Rubio (R-Florida), introduced a bill in 2013 known as the Higher Education and Skills Obtainment Act. The bill would narrow the eligibility for people to use certain tax credits related to higher education. To do so, the legislation would take away eligibility for those tax credits from people who aren't students or who "did not attend an eligible institution", according to Ripon Advance.[91]

Taxes

Schock voted to repeal the Affordable Care Act. After this was done for the 56th time in 2015, but without any replacement for the nation's sickest in place, the Peoria Journal Star stated: "The Affordable Care Act has its flaws, but its congressional detractors, Schock among them, have made it darn hard to conclude they are serious about governing."[90]

Schock voted against the DREAM Act.[87] However, TheHill.com reported that Schock was "slammed" for calling illegal immigrants "undocumented citizens" and for showing support for a legalization program at a town hall event.[88][89]

Schock is pro-life and has voted to prohibit federal funding for the procedure with House Amendment 95.[85] In addition, Schock voted to pass H.R. 3 "No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act".[86]

Schock voted for House Amendment 1416, which Prohibits Use of Funds in Contravention of the Defense of Marriage Act, adopted 247 to 166 in the House July 19, 2012.[84]

Schock also voted against the Employment Discrimination Law Amendment H.R. 11 and H.R. 12, which were eventually passed on January 9, 2009.[83]

Schock voted against amending federal hate crimes laws to include crimes where the victims were targeted on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity, gender and disability.[82] He voted against the repeal of the military's "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" in December 2010.[62]

Social issues

On December 15, 2009, during a discussion on Hardball with Chris Matthews, Schock stated "I don‘t believe we should – we should limit water-boarding or, quite frankly, any other alternative torture technique if it means saving Americans‘ lives" in a "ticking time bomb" scenario or other critical situation. He added that he didn't believe such techniques "should be standard practice."[81]

In August 2009, the Law Library of Congress issued a controversial and disputed[78] legal-opinion report, Honduras: Constitutional Law Issues, that had been commissioned by Schock. It featured a legal analysis of the 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis with a specific examination of the legality of Honduran President Manuel Zelaya's June 28, 2009, removal from office and expatriation.[79] After the report was issued, Schock argued that the Obama Administration should change its policy towards Honduras by resuming suspended aid and recognizing the upcoming Honduran November 29, 2009, elections, based on the contents of the report.[80] After visiting the country twice, Schock created the congressional Colombia Caucus.[47]

Schock has been an opponent of using federal funds for the transfer of detainees from the Guantanamo Bay detention camp to elsewhere in the U.S.[77] In January 2011, Schock introduced legislation with Senator Mark Kirk to deny federal funds for the transfer of detainees to the United States. Similarly, he has fought to require military tribunals, as opposed to civilian courts, for detainee trials.

Foreign policy

In March 2011, Schock signed on as an original co-sponsor to a proposal by Republican Congressman Devin Nunes of California called "A Roadmap for America's Energy future" (H.R. 909), a comprehensive plan focusing on policies that promote the production of a broad range of domestic energy supplies including traditional resources as well as renewable and alternative energy sources.

In April 2010, Biofuels Digest named Congressman Aaron Schock as #8 in the top ten groups of individuals that "make it happen for renewables, bioenergy in DC."[75] Schock, who says energy is the issue that people most want to talk about, supports eliminating federal taxes on the production of renewable energy.[76]

In 2009, Schock voted to secure $23 million for restoration and conservation of the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers.[74]

Energy and environment

In September 2011, Schock and Democrat Leonard Boswell introduced the Help Veterans Own Franchises Act, which would allow tax credits for the establishment of franchises owned by veterans. As of April 2012, the bill was in committee.[73]

Schock has signed the Americans for Tax Reform Taxpayer Protection Pledge, promising not to vote for any new taxes.[72] Schock was a supporter of free-trade agreements with Colombia, Panama, and South Korea, which passed the House in fall 2011.[47]

In 2011, Schock and Delaware Democrat John Carney co-sponsored a bill that would use U.S. oil exploration to help fund a five-year federal highway construction project. The bill had not been voted on as of April 2012.[70][71]

In February 2011, Schock was one of 23 Republicans who voted against an amendment that proposed cutting funding to the National Endowment for the Arts.[69]

During the debate on the short-term Continuing Resolution that passed the House on February 19, 2011, Schock was successful in banning further funding for the creation of stimulus signs that highlight stimulus-related projects around the country. In July 2010, Schock's bill was selected as a winning proposal in a public outreach effort designed by House Republicans to highlight proposals aimed at reducing government spending.[68]

Schock has introduced legislation that would create the Federal Program Sunset Commission (H.R. 606). His proposed legislation would create a bipartisan commission made up of former members of Congress and outside experts to abolish federal programs that are found to be unnecessary or under-performing.

Schock voted against the $787 billion stimulus plan in February 2009.[51] He also voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in 2010.[66] He has advocated for tort reform and interstate health insurance competition as ways to reduce health care costs.[67]

Economy

Schock endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 Republican presidential primaries,[65] and he appeared with Romney at campaign events.

In their 2010 endorsement of Schock, the Journal Star wrote, "We've not always seen eye to eye with Schock, but he has been far more influential than your average freshman. He's a hard worker, a rising star in the Republican Party...We have long valued independence in our congressmen; Aaron Schock is a conservative, but he also has a mind of his own, and he is endorsed."[35]

Schock was considered to be more conservative than his two moderate[59] predecessors, Congressmen Bob Michel and Ray LaHood.[3][44][60] The Chicago Tribune, in their endorsements for the 2008 general election, described Schock's political positions to be fiscally conservative and somewhat moderate on social issues.[61] Nevertheless, he has said he would have supported the financial bailout plan, or the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, that passed Congress in October 2008[23] and he did not support the repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" in 2010.[62] Schock is a former member of the Republican Study Committee[63] and the Republican Main Street Partnership. Schock has said "our strategy with young people needs to be economic issues", and that social issues are "not what compelled me to run for office."[64]

Political positions

In December 2013, Schock was selected by House Speaker John Boehner to lead the congressional delegation to the Funeral of Nelson Mandela. Schock was the only current Republican House of Representatives member in the delegation and only other seated Republican Congressman other than Texas Senator, Ted Cruz.[58]

Schock and Rep. William R. Keating jointly introduced the Equitable Access to Care and Health Act (H.R. 1814; 113th Congress) on April 29, 2013.[56] The bill would amend the Internal Revenue Code, with respect to minimum essential health care coverage requirements added by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, to allow an additional religious exemption from such requirements for individuals whose sincerely held religious beliefs would cause them to object to medical health care provided under such coverage.[56] Individuals could file an affidavit to get this exemption, but would lose the exemption if they went on to later use healthcare.[57] Schock and Keating wrote a letter in support of their bill saying, "we believe the EACH Act balances a respect for religious diversity against the need to prevent fraud and abuse."[57]

On February 28, 2013, Schock reintroduced the New Philadelphia, Illinois, Study Act (H.R. 930; 113th Congress), a bill that would instruct the United States Department of the Interior to study the New Philadelphia archaeological site in Illinois to evaluate the national significance of the area and to determine the feasibility of designating the site as a unit of the National Park System.[53][54] Schock had previously introduced similar legislation in the 111th United States Congress (H.R. 5455).[55]

During his first year in Congress, Schock had more of legislation passed than any other Republican freshman. In 2010 he secured $40.7 million in funding for Illinois.[52]

In February 2009, President Barack Obama invited Schock to fly with him on Air Force One for a visit to a Caterpillar plant in East Peoria, Illinois. During the visit, Obama appealed to Schock to support the $787 billion stimulus bill which was up for a vote the next day in Congress. Obama said Schock is "a very talented young man. I’ve got great confidence in him to do the right thing for the people of Peoria." Schock ultimately voted against the stimulus package, saying, "it was not really a stimulus bill with the majority of the money going towards stimulating the economy." Schock also said, "I like the President. He's a very good guy...I want him to be successful. I want to vote for a stimulus bill. I appreciated his hospitality in bringing me along on the trip...But at the end of the day my responsibility is to the people who gave me this job – my constituents."[51]

Two weeks after taking office in 2009, Schock proposed an amendment, which passed, to the Troubled Asset Relief Program Accountability Act, to create a searchable website so Americans could see where bailout funds were being spent. The act's sponsor, Democrat Barney Frank, said "this is a very thoughtful amendment and it will greatly enhance things."[50]

Legislation

Schock won the November 2014 general election with 75% of the vote, defeating Democrat Darrel Miller.

After the 2012 election, there was speculation about Schock's ambitions for higher political office, including a Roll Call article noting that Schock's new district in central Illinois had been drawn, during redistricting after the 2010 census, to be very safe, leading to suggestions that Democrats were trying to keep him happy in the House and away from any statewide bid. An Illinois Republican was quoted as saying, "I think he would be the top candidate on the Republican side if Dick Durbin retired or if he wanted to run for governor ... His ability to fundraise and be popular with conservatives without coming across as an ideologue would suit him well if he chooses to run."[47] In November 2012, it was reported that Schock had met with officials at the Republican Governors Association to explore the possibility of running for Governor of Illinois in 2014.[48] However, in April 2013, Schock announced that he would not be running for governor, and would instead be seeking election to a fourth term in Congress.[49]

2014

Schock defeated Waterworth to win reelection on November 6, 2012, winning 74 percent of the vote.[46]

Schock was endorsed by the editorial board of The State Journal-Register, who wrote that Schock "has grown in his two terms in the House, building expertise on budget, trade, transportation and agriculture issues and reaching across the aisle at times to build a solid record."[43] Schock was also endorsed by the Journal Star and the Chicago Tribune.[44][45]

Questions have also been raised about a real estate transaction that occurred the month before the 2012 elections. Schock sold his Peoria home to a major Republican donor, who was also one of his campaign supporters, for a price that appeared to far exceed its then market value,[41] and reported as three times its worth. This led to another ethics complaint being filed against Schock by the group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington.[42]

In April 2012, watchdog groups filed a complaint with the Federal Election Commission, claiming that Schock violated federal campaign rules when he solicited a $25,000 donation from House Majority Leader Eric Cantor for use in a Republican primary. Schock's campaign stated that it believed the FEC would dismiss the complaint after review.[38] In December 2012, the House Committee on Ethics confirmed that the same matter had been referred to it by the Office of Congressional Ethics.[39] In February 2013, the Office of Congressional Ethics' report was publicly released, which stated, "there is substantial reason to believe that Rep. Schock violated federal law, House rules and standards of conduct." At the time of the release, Schock's communications director released a statement saying: "The release by the Ethics Committee of this report from the Office of Congressional Ethics (OCE) is just one more step in the long process of adjudicating ethics complaints that can be submitted by anyone for any reason...We remain firmly convinced that Congressman Schock will be exonerated when the Ethics Committee examines the complaint and in due course resolves this matter."[40]

For 2012, it appeared that Schock would face Darrel Miller in the Republican primary, but Miller was removed from the ballot in February 2012 due to problems with his petition signatures.[36] In the general election, Schock faced Democrat Steve Waterworth.[37]

2012

In November 2010, Schock was challenged by Democrat D.K. Hirner, the Executive Director of the Illinois Environmental Regulatory Group and the Green Party nominee Sheldon Schafer. The Journal Star again endorsed Schock, writing, "Schock is a more self-assured, well-rounded candidate than he was two years ago." The endorsement noted that Schock had "voted with President Barack Obama more than a third of the time, breaking with GOP leaders on multiple issues, from his support for renewable energy to taming predatory lenders to FDA regulation of tobacco."[35] Schock won with 59% of the vote.

2010

In the November 2008 election, Democrat Jehan A. Gordon won Schock's 92nd Representative District seat in the Illinois House of Representatives.[34]

Schock won the November 4, 2008 general election with 59% of the vote, defeating Democratic candidate Colleen Callahan and Green Party candidate Sheldon Schafer.[16][31] He was only the fifth person to serve the district since 1933. Upon taking his seat in Congress, at the age of 27, he became the youngest member of Congress, supplanting 33-year-old Patrick T. McHenry of North Carolina,[32] and the first member of the United States Congress born in the 1980s.[33]

In October 2008, Schock's father testified in a federal court that his son had notarized documents with false dates (a Class A misdemeanor under the Illinois Notary Public Act) while helping his parents establish tax shelters.[30]

Prior to the general election, Shock was endorsed by 116 mayors across the district and the Illinois Farm Bureau. Schock's hometown newspaper, the Journal Star, endorsed Schock "on the basis of his potential."[29]

Schock spoke at the 2008 Republican National Convention.[28]

Schock drew mixed reaction in late July 2008 when he brought President Barack Obama's endorsement of another state senator on the courthouse steps a few years before, for which the city did not request compensation.[26] A city councilman cited an ordinance against political activity by the city, but the mayor of Peoria, Jim Ardis, called the requests "political rhetoric" and said the ordinance did not apply, and that the city did not have a policy addressing a situation where a sitting president visits town. Schock later said he would reimburse the city voluntarily, referring to payment for presidential protection as "unprecedented", and saying he believed his campaign was the first in the state and possibly the nation to repay a city for protective services provided to a president.[27]

Schock visiting students at Whittier Elementary School in Peoria, Illinois

Schock easily won the Republican primary in February 2008, with 72% of the vote,[16] beating his opponents Jim McConoughey (16%) and John Morris (12%).[25]

In his speech announcing his candidacy for Illinois's 18th congressional district, to succeed retiring incumbent Republican congressman Ray LaHood, Schock said, "If China continues to be irresponsible about nuclear proliferation in Iran, we should tell them that ... we will sell Pershing nuclear missiles to Taiwan for their defense. Nonproliferation will either be enforced universally or not at all – it is their choice. The Chinese will come around, I have no doubt."[22] His campaign manager described the policy as "well thought out" and Schock first defended the remarks, but Schock later said it was "more in jest" and that he had made a mistake.[23][24]

2008

Schock speaking at a press conference

Elections

Schock visiting the Illinois River with Bob Walters, mayor of Beardstown, Illinois, in 2009

U.S. House of Representatives

During his time in the state legislature, Schock was involved with Youth for a Cause, Peoria Mayor's Vision 2020, the Peoria Chamber of Commerce, Heart of Illinois Kids Count, St. Jude Telethon V.I.P. and medical mission trips to Mexico and Jamaica.[18]

Although the district he represented in the state legislature included a large number of voters who were union members or on food stamps, Schock said, "I could vote against things like the raising minimum wage … and go back and explain to them why it didn't make sense to raise the cost of labor ... and they understood it.[9]

Schock was the chief sponsor of 38 bills, of which 13 became law.[20] The bills dealt with education, child protection, prescription drug savings, veterans' assistance, road construction and high-tech identity theft.[20] Another bill, co-sponsored with Democrat Dave Koehler, expanded the taxation area for the Peoria Airport.[21]

During his second term as state representative, Schock worked as director of development and construction for Petersen Companies of Peoria, the real estate development arm of a senior citizen health care provider. This conflict of interest was never investigated.[10]

When Schock ran for reelection in 2006, he defeated Democrat Bill Spears, winning 58 percent of the total vote. He received more than 40 percent of the African American vote in his district, despite his opposition to race-based affirmative action.[3] During his four years in the state legislature, Schock served on two appropriations committees that were "typically reserved for more senior lawmakers", as well as the Financial Institutions, Environment & Energy and Veteran's Affairs committees.[18][19]

At the age of 23, Schock ran for a seat in the Illinois House of Representatives. In the November 2004 general election, he defeated four-term incumbent Democrat Ricca Slone, by just 235 votes out of 40,000 ballots cast, and became the youngest member of the Illinois General Assembly in state history.[3][13][16] Five months after taking the office, he resigned from the school board to focus on his job as a state legislator.[16]

2006 official photo of Schock

Illinois legislature

[15] Schock served on the board of education from 2001 to 2005 and was the president of the board from 2004 to 2005.[16] After two years, his fellow board members elected him vice president of the board, and one year later, they elected him school board president, making him, at 23, the youngest school board president in Illinois history.[17][16] He defeated the incumbent 60% to 40%, garnering more than 6,400 write-in votes, and becoming, at age 19, the youngest person serving on a school board in Illinois.[11] Schock decided to run for the

Peoria board of education

[14] Schock sold his Garage Tek franchise in 2004 before running for state representative.[9]

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