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A Mathematical Theory of Communication is an influential^{[1]}^{[2]} 1948 article^{[3]}^{[4]} by mathematician Claude E. Shannon. It was renamed "The Mathematical Theory of Communication" in the book,^{[5]} a small but significant title change after realizing the generality of this work.
The article was the founding work of the field of information theory. It was later published in 1949 as a book titled The Mathematical Theory of Communication (ISBN 0-252-72546-8), which was published as a paperback in 1963 (ISBN 0-252-72548-4). The book contains an additional article by Warren Weaver, providing an overview of the theory for a more general audience. Shannon's article laid out the basic elements of communication:
It also developed the concepts of information entropy and redundancy, and introduced the term bit as a unit of information.
Computer science, Cryptography, Statistics, Data compression, Mathematics
Information theory, Telecommunication, Morse code, Alan Turing, A Mathematical Theory of Communication