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70th United States Congress

70th United States Congress
69th ← → 71st

United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1927 – March 4, 1929

Senate President: Charles G. Dawes
Senate Pres. pro tem: George H. Moses
House Speaker: Nicholas Longworth
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: December 5, 1927 – May 29, 1928
2nd: December 3, 1928 – March 3, 1929

The Seventieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1927 to March 4, 1929, during the last two years of Calvin Coolidge's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

Party summary

Senate composition, by party
Senate President
Senate President pro Tempore

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer–Labor
(FL)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 42 1 53 96 0
Begin 47 1 48 96 0
End 45 50
Final voting share 46.9% 1.0% 52.1%
Beginning of the next congress 39 1 55 95 1

House of Representatives

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer–Labor
(FL)
Republican
(R)
Socialist
(S)
Other
End of the previous congress 183 3 247 1 1 435 0
Begin 204 5 224 1 0 434 1
End 203 219 428 7
Final voting share 47.4% 1.2% 51.2% 0.2% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 164 1 270 0 0 435 0

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

House Speaker

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state.

Senate

Senators are listed in order of seniority at the beginning of this Congress.

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1928; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1932.

House of Representatives

Members of the House of Representatives are listed by district.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Illinois
(3)
Frank B. Willis (R) Smith was not permitted to qualify, and resigned February 9, 1928.
Winner was elected to finish the term.
Otis F. Glenn (R) December 3, 1928
New Mexico
(1)
Andrieus A. Jones (D) Died December 20, 1927
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
Bronson M. Cutting (R) December 29, 1927
Michigan
(1)
Woodbridge N. Ferris (D) Died March 23, 1928
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
Successor was then elected November 6, 1928 to finish the term.
Arthur H. Vandenberg (R) March 31, 1928
Ohio
(3)
Frank B. Willis (R) Died March 30, 1928.
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
Cyrus Locher (D) April 4, 1928
Idaho
(3)
Frank R. Gooding (R) Died June 24, 1928.
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
Successor was then elected November 6, 1928 to finish the term.
John W. Thomas (R) June 30, 1928
New Mexico
(1)
Bronson M. Cutting (R) Appointee resigned December 6, 1928 when successor was elected to finish the term. Octaviano A. Larrazolo (R) December 7, 1928
Delaware
(2)
T. Coleman du Pont (R) Resigned December 9, 1928.
Successor was elected to finish the term.
Daniel O. Hastings (R) December 10, 1928
Ohio
(3)
Cyrus Locher (D) Appointee resigned December 14, 1928 when successor was elected to finish the term. Theodore E. Burton (R) December 15, 1928

House of Representatives

  • Replacements: 15
    • Democratic: 1 seat net gain
    • Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • Deaths: 16
  • Resignations: 6
  • Total seats with changes: 22

Officers

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

References

  1. ^ Frank L. Smith (R-IL) was elected to the Senate for the term starting March 4, 1927, but the Senate refused to qualify him due to charges of corruption concerning his election. He resigned February 9, 1928. See http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000534
  2. ^ William S. Vare (R-PA) was elected to the Senate for the term starting March 4, 1927, but the Senate refused to qualify him due to charges of corruption and fraud concerning his election. In the next Congress, the Senate unseated him. See http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=V000071
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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