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2012 In Spaceflight

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2012 In Spaceflight

2012in spaceflight
The Dragon spacecraft (pictured) conducted the first COTS demonstration logistics flight in May 2012, becoming the first commercial spacecraft to rendezvous with the International Space Station.
Orbital launches
First 9 January
Last 19 December
Total 78
Successes 72
Failures 4
Partial failures 2
Catalogued 75
National firsts
Satellite  Hungary
 Poland
 Romania
 Belarus
 North Korea
Orbital launch  North Korea
Rockets
Maiden flights Delta IV-M+ (5,2)
Unha-3
Vega
Retirements Proton-K
Manned flights
Orbital 5
Total travellers 15
EVAs 5

The year 2012 saw a number of significant events in spaceflight. In May and October, the first Commercial Orbital Transportation Services resupply missions took place, during which the SpaceX Dragon became the first private spacecraft to dock with the International Space Station (ISS). In June, China launched the manned Shenzhou 9 orbital mission, and North Korea achieved its first successful orbital launch in December. 2012 also saw China's first successful asteroid exploration mission, and the landing of NASA's Curiosity rover on Mars. The Vega and Unha-3 rockets made their maiden flights in 2012, while the Proton-K made its last.

A total of 78 orbital launches were attempted in 2012, of which 72 were successful, two were partially successful and four were failures. Five manned orbital missions were conducted over the course of the year, all successfully, carrying a total of 15 individuals into orbit. The year also saw five EVAs by ISS astronauts. The majority of the year's orbital launches were conducted by Russia, China and the United States, with 29, 19 and 13 launches respectively. A total of 139 payloads were launched during the year, including communication and navigation satellites, logistics spacecraft and scientific probes. Additionally, a large number of suborbital sounding rockets and ballistic missiles were launched by scientific and military organisations.

Contents

  • Overview of orbital spaceflight 1
    • Manned spaceflight 1.1
    • Unmanned exploration 1.2
  • Launches 2
    • January 2.1
    • February 2.2
    • March 2.3
    • April 2.4
    • May 2.5
    • June 2.6
    • July 2.7
    • August 2.8
    • September 2.9
    • October 2.10
    • November 2.11
    • December 2.12
  • Deep space rendezvous 3
  • EVAs 4
  • Orbital launch summary 5
    • By country 5.1
    • By rocket 5.2
      • By family 5.2.1
      • By type 5.2.2
      • By configuration 5.2.3
    • By launch site 5.3
    • By orbit 5.4
  • See also 6
  • References 7
    • Footnotes 7.1
  • External links 8

Overview of orbital spaceflight

A total of 78 orbital launches were attempted in 2012, with 72 being reported as successful, and a total of 139 payloads launched.[1] The three most prolific spacefaring nations were Russia, with 29 launches and 27 successes; China, with 19 launches, all of which succeeded; and the United States, with 13 launches, of which 12 succeeded and one was a partial failure.[1] European nations conducted eight orbital launches, all successfully, while India and Japan conducted two each, also successfully. Iran and North Korea both achieved one successful orbital launch during 2012, but Iran also suffered two launch failures, while North Korea suffered one.[2][3][4]

Manned spaceflight

Five manned orbital launches were conducted during 2012, all successfully, carrying a total of 15 astronauts into orbit. Four of these missions were flown using Russian Soyuz spacecraft, while the fifth was a Chinese Shenzhou launch.[5] All of the year's manned missions rendezvoused with space stations – the four Soyuz missions docked with the International Space Station (ISS), while China's Shenzhou 9 docked with the Tiangong-1 orbital laboratory. Five spacewalks were also undertaken in 2012, all by ISS crewmembers.[6][7][8][9][10]

Unmanned exploration

Numerous significant milestones in robotic spaceflight occurred in 2012, including the landing of NASA's Curiosity rover on Mars in August,[11] and the first commercial resupply missions to the ISS in May and October.[12][13] The latter also marked the first fully operational use of SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft. Elsewhere in the Solar System, NASA's Dawn spacecraft completed its mission to 4 Vesta in September 2012,[14] while China achieved its first asteroid flyby in December.[15]

Launches

Ziyuan 3, Decay:NA" VesselSat-2, Decay:NA" Fengyun 2-07[20], Decay:NA" USA-233(WGS-4), Decay:NA" Progress M-14M, Decay:28 April
13:46" Navid, Decay:1 April[26]" MASER-12, Decay:13 February" LARES, Decay:NA" ALMASat-1[33], Decay:NA" Xatcobeo[34], Decay:NA" UniCubeSat-GG[34], Decay:NA" Robusta[34], Decay:NA" e-st@r[34], Decay:NA" Goliat[34], Decay:NA" PW-Sat[34], Decay:NA" MaSat-1, Decay:NA" SES-4, Decay:NA" Compass-G5, Decay:NA" MUOS-1, Decay:NA" CIBER, Decay:22 March" Edoardo Amaldi ATV, Decay:3 October
01:23" Intelsat 22, Decay:NA" ATREX, Decay:27 March" ATREX, Decay:27 March" ATREX, Decay:27 March" ATREX, Decay:27 March" ATREX, Decay:27 March" Kosmos 2479(US-KMO), Decay:NA" Apstar-7, Decay:NA" USA-234(FIA-R), Decay:NA" Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3[49], Decay:12 April" Progress M-15M, Decay:20 August 2012" Yahsat 1B, Decay:NA" HiFire-5, Decay:NA" RISAT-1, Decay:NA" Compass-M3, Decay:NA" Compass-M4, Decay:NA" USA-235 (AEHF-2), Decay:NA" Tianhui 1B, Decay:NA" Yaogan 14, Decay:NA" Tiantuo 1, Decay:NA" Soyuz TMA-04M, Decay:17 September
02:53" JCSAT-13, Decay:NA" Vinasat-2, Decay:NA" Kosmos 2480(Kobalt-M No.8), Decay:24 September" GCOM-W1, Decay:NA" Arirang-3, Decay:NA" SDS-4, Decay:NA" Horyu-2, Decay:NA" Nimiq 6, Decay:NA" Dragon C2+, Decay:31 May" New Frontier, Decay:27 June" Fajr, Decay:23 May" Chinasat-2A, Decay:NA" Yaogan 15, Decay:NA" Intelsat 19, Decay:NA" NuSTAR, Decay:NA" Shenzhou 9, Decay:29 June
02:01[80]" Shenzhou-9-GC, Decay:2 December" USA-236(SDS), Decay:NA" RockOn, Decay:21 June" SHEFEX II, Decay:22 June" EVE, Decay:23 June" USA-237(Mentor), Decay:NA" SUMI, Decay:5 July" Echostar XVII, Decay:NA" MSG 3, Decay:NA" SES-5, Decay:NA" Hi-C, Decay:11 July" Soyuz TMA-05M, Decay:19 November
01:56" Kounotori 3, Decay:14 September" Raiko, Decay:6 August 2013[100]" FITSAT-1 (Niwaka), Decay:4 July 2013[102]" We-Wish, Decay:11 March 2013[104]" F-1, Decay:May 2013[106]" TechEdSat, Decay:5 May 2013[108]" Kanopus V-1, Decay:NA" BelKA-2, Decay:NA" Zond-PP, Decay:NA" TET-1, Decay:NA" exactView 1, Decay:NA" IRVE-3, Decay:23 July" DFS, Decay:24 July" Tianlian I-03, Decay:NA" Gonets M-3, Decay:NA" Gonets M-4, Decay:NA" Kosmos 2481(Strela-3M), Decay:NA" MiR(Yubileyniy 2), Decay:NA" Progress M-16M, Decay:9 February 2013" Sfera-53, Decay:NA" Intelsat 20, Decay:NA" HYLAS-2, Decay:NA" Telkom-3, Decay:In orbit" Ekspress MD2, Decay:In orbit" [122], Decay:7 August" Intelsat 21, Decay:NA" RBSP-A, Decay:NA" RBSP-B, Decay:NA" SPOT 6, Decay:NA" PROITERES, Decay:NA" Shark, Decay:12 September" USA-238(NOSS), Decay:NA" USA-238(NOSS), Decay:NA" CINEMA 1, Decay:NA" CXBN, Decay:NA" CP 5, Decay:NA" CSSWE, Decay:NA" Aeneas, Decay:NA" STARE A, Decay:NA" SMDC-ONE 2.1, Decay:NA" SMDC-ONE 2.2, Decay:NA" AeroCube 4, Decay:NA" AeroCube 4A, Decay:NA" AeroCube 4B, Decay:NA" HiFire-3, Decay:NA" MetOp-B, Decay:NA" Compass-M5, Decay:NA" Compass-M6, Decay:NA" RockSat-X, Decay:21 September" Fajr, Decay:22 September" Astra 2F, Decay:NA" GSAT-10, Decay:NA" VRSS-1, Decay:NA" USA-239(GPS IIF-3), Decay:NA" SpaceX CRS-1, Decay:28 October
19:22[13]" Orbcomm-2 F1, Decay:10 October" Galileo-IOV 3, Decay:NA" Galileo-IOV 4, Decay:NA" Shijian 9A, Decay:NA" Shijian 9B, Decay:NA" Intelsat 23, Decay:NA" Soyuz TMA-06M, Decay:16 March 2013" Compass-G6, Decay:NA" FTI-01, Decay:25 October" Progress M-17M[163], Decay:21 April 2013" FOXSI, Decay:2 November" Luch 5B, Decay:NA" Yamal-300K, Decay:NA" Eutelsat 21B, Decay:NA" Star One C3, Decay:NA" Meridian 6, Decay:NA" Huanjing 1C, Decay:NA" Xinyan 1, Decay:NA" Fengniao 1, Decay:NA" Fengniao 1A, Decay:NA" EchoStar XVI, Decay:NA" IMAGER, Decay:21 November" Yaogan 16A, Decay:NA" Yaogan 16B, Decay:NA" Yaogan 16C, Decay:NA" MAPHEUS-3, Decay:25 November" Zhongxing 12/SupremeSAT-I, Decay:NA" Haft-5, Decay:28 November" Pléiades-HR 1B, Decay:NA" Eutelsat 70B, Decay:NA" Yamal-402, Decay:NA" Iguaiba, Decay:8 December" USA-240(X-37B OTV-3), Decay:17 October 2014" Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2, Decay:NA" DXL, Decay:13 December" , Decay:17 December"
Turkey
Göktürk-2, Decay:NA" Soyuz TMA-07M, Decay:14 May 2013
02:31" Skynet 5D, Decay:NA" Mexsat-3, Decay:NA"
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

9 January
03:17:09
Long March 4B Taiyuan LA-9 SAST
Ziyuan 3 MLR Low Earth Earth imaging In orbit Operational[16]
VesselSat-2 Luxspace Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational[16]
11 January
13:25
Terrier-Improved Malemute[17] Wallops Island NASA
NASA Suborbital Test flight 11 January Successful[18]
11 January
20:51
S-520 Uchinoura JAXA
JAXA/HU/TU/TU/TPU/KU/KUT Suborbital Atmospheric 11 January Successful[19]
13 January
00:56:04
Long March 3A Xichang LA-3 CALT
Fengyun 2-07[21] CMA Geosynchronous Weather In orbit Operational[22]
20 January
00:38:00
Delta IV-M+ (5,4) Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United Launch Alliance
USA-233 (WGS-4) US Air Force Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[23]
24 January Arrow III Negev IAI
IAI/IDF Suborbital ABM Test 24 January Successful[24]
First test flight of the Arrow-III
25 January
23:06:40
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-14M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 28 April
13:46
Successful[25]

February

3 February
00:04
Safir Semnan ISA
Navid ISA Low Earth Imaging 1 April[27] Successful[28]
10 February
04:40
Prithvi ITR IC-4 DRDO
DRDO Suborbital Target 10 February Successful[29]
Target for ABM test, successfully intercepted
10 February Blue Sparrow F-15 Eagle, Israel IAF
Israeli Air Force Suborbital ABM target 10 February Successful[30]
Arrow-3 tracking target
13 February
09:32
VSB-30 Esrange EuroLaunch
MASER-12 SSC Suborbital Microgravity 13 February Successful[31]
13 February
10:00:00
Vega Kourou ELV Arianespace
LARES ASI Low Earth Geodesy In orbit Operational[32]
ALMASat-1[33] Università di Bologna Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[32]
Xatcobeo[34] Vigo/INTA Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[32]
UniCubeSat-GG[34] Rome Low Earth Atmospheric In orbit Operational[32]
Robusta[34] Montpellier Low Earth Radiation In orbit Partial spacecraft failure
e-st@r[34] Torino Low Earth Technology In orbit Partial spacecraft failure
Goliat[34] Bucharest Low Earth Imaging/Radiation In orbit Operational[32]
PW-Sat[34] Warsaw Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[32]
MaSat-1 BME Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[32]
Maiden flight of Vega rocket; all payloads CubeSats except LARES and ALMASat-1. First Hungarian, Romanian and Polish satellites.
14 February
19:36:37
Proton-M/Briz-M Enhanced Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
SES-4 SES World Skies Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[35]
19 February
05:41
Black Brant IX Poker Flat NASA
UNH Suborbital Auroral research 19 February Successful[36]
22 February UGM-133 Trident II D5 USS Tennessee, ETR US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 22 February Successful[37]
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation 23 (DASO-23)
24 February
16:12:04
Long March 3C Xichang LA-2 CALT
Compass-G5 CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational[38]
24 February
22:15:00
Atlas V 551 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
MUOS-1 US Navy Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational[39]
25 February
10:46
LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-09 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 25 February Successful[40]

March

22 March
09:00
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
CIBER Caltech Suborbital Astronomy 22 March Successful[41]
23 March
04:34:05
Ariane 5ES Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Edoardo Amaldi ATV ESA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 3 October
01:23
Successful[42]
25 March
12:10:32
Proton-M/Briz-M Enhanced Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
Intelsat 22 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[43]
27 March
08:58
Terrier-Oriole Wallops Island NASA
ATREX Clemson Suborbital Geospace 27 March Successful[44]
27 March
08:59
Terrier-Improved Malemute Wallops Island NASA
ATREX Clemson Suborbital Geospace 27 March Successful[44]
27 March
09:00
Terrier-Orion Wallops Island NASA
ATREX Clemson Suborbital Geospace 27 March Successful[44]
27 March
09:02
Terrier-Improved Malemute Wallops Island NASA
ATREX Clemson Suborbital Geospace 27 March Successful[44]
27 March
09:03
Terrier-Orion Wallops Island NASA
ATREX Clemson Suborbital Geospace 27 March Successful[44]
30 March
05:49:32
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/24 RVSN RF
Kosmos 2479 (US-KMO) VKO Geosynchronous Missile defence In orbit Operational[45]
Final flight of Proton-K, final US-KMO satellite
31 March
10:27:04
Long March 3B/E Xichang LA-2 CALT
Apstar-7 APT Satellite Holdings Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[46]

April

3 April
23:12:57
Delta IV-M+(5,2) Vandenberg SLC-6 United Launch Alliance
USA-234 (FIA-R) NRO Low Earth Radar imaging In orbit Operational[47]
NRO Launch 25
5 April
14:18
SpaceLoft XL Spaceport America UP Aerospace
ORS Suborbital Technology 5 April Successful[48]
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi), successfully recovered
12 April
22:38:55
Unha-3 Sohae KCST
Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3[50] KCST Intended: Low Earth Technology 12 April Launch failure[4]
Probable first stage failure, disintegrated over the Yellow Sea[4]
14 April UGM-133 Trident II D5 USS Maryland, ETR US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 14 April Successful[51]
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 45
14 April UGM-133 Trident II D5 USS Maryland, ETR US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 14 April Successful[51]
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 45
16 April UGM-133 Trident II D5 USS Maryland, ETR US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 16 April Successful[51]
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 46
16 April UGM-133 Trident II D5 USS Maryland, ETR US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 16 April Successful[51]
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 46
19 April
02:37
Agni-V Integrated Test Range DRDO
DRDO Suborbital Test flight 19 April Successful[52]
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi), maiden flight of Agni-V
20 April
12:50:24
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6 Roskosmos
Progress M-15M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 20 August 2012 Successful[53]
23 April
22:18:13
Proton-M/Briz-M Enhanced Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
Yahsat 1B Yahsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[54]
23 April VS-30/Orion Andøya DSTO
HiFire-5 DSTO Suborbital Technology 23 April Launch failure
Hypersonic research experiment, second stage of launch vehicle failed to ignite
25 April Shaheen-IA Sonmiani ASFC
ASFC Suborbital Test flight 25 April Successful[55]
26 April
00:17
PSLV-XL Satish Dhawan Space Centre FLP ISRO
RISAT-1 ISRO Low Earth Radar imaging[56] In orbit Operational[57]
29 April
20:50:03[58]
Long March 3B/E Xichang LA-2 CALT
Compass-M3 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[58]
Compass-M4 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[58]

May

4 May
18:42:00
Atlas V 531 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
USA-235 (AEHF-2) US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational[59]
6 May
07:10:04[60]
Long March 2D Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 SAST
Tianhui 1B CNSA Low Earth Cartography In orbit Operational[60]
10 May
06:18
Terrier Orion (ARAV-A) Kauai MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 10 May Successful[61]
SM-3 Block 1B target
10 May
06:21
RIM-161C Standard Missile 3 Block 1B USS Lake Erie, Pacific Ocean US Navy
US Navy Suborbital ABM test 10 May Successful[61]
FTM-16 E2A, successful intercept
10 May
07:06:04[62]
Long March 4B Taiyuan LA-9 SAST
Yaogan 14 CNSA Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational[62]
Tiantuo 1 NUDT Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[62]
15 May
03:01:23
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TMA-04M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 31/32 17 September
02:53
Successful[63]
Manned flight
15 May
22:13:07
Ariane 5ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
JCSAT-13 JSAT Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[64]
Vinasat-2 VNPT Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[65]
17 May
14:05
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2 VKO
Kosmos 2480 (Kobalt-M No.8) VKO Low Earth Optical surveillance 24 September Successful[66]
Final Soyuz-U launch from Plesetsk
17 May
16:39
H-IIA Tanegashima LA-Y1 MHI
GCOM-W1 JAXA/NASA Sun-synchronous Earth science In orbit Operational[67]
Arirang-3 KARI Sun-synchronous Remote sensing In orbit Operational[67]
SDS-4 JAXA Sun-synchronous Technology In orbit Operational[67]
Horyu-2 KIT Sun-synchronous Technology
Amateur radio
In orbit Operational[67]
17 May
19:12:14
Proton-M/Briz-M Baikonur Site 81/24 International Launch Services
Nimiq 6 Telesat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[68]
22 May
07:44:38[12]
Falcon 9 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
Dragon C2+ SpaceX/NASA Low Earth (ISS) Test spacecraft
Logistics
31 May
16:42
Successful[69]
New Frontier Celestis Low Earth Space burial 27 June Successful
COTS Demo 2+,[70] orbital test manoeuvres and ISS rendezvous, berthing and cargo delivery. First commercial spacecraft to visit the ISS.[71] Celestis payload, containing cremated remains of 308 people including Gordon Cooper and James Doohan, remained intentionally attached to the upper stage.[72]
23 May[2] Safir 1B Semnan ISA
Fajr ISA Planned: Low Earth[2] Imaging 23 May Launch failure
Probable launch failure;[2] identity of launch attempt, rocket, satellite and launch time not confirmed
23 May
06:15
RS-26 Rubezh Plesetsk RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 23 May Successful[73]
26 May
15:56:04
Long March 3B/E Xichang LA-2 CALT
Chinasat-2A China Satcom Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[74]
29 May
07:31:05
Long March 4C Taiyuan LA-9 SAST
Yaogan 15 CNSA Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance In orbit Operational[75]

June

1 June
05:22:59
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Sea Launch
Intelsat 19 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Partial spacecraft failure
Second solar panel initially failed to deploy after launch,[76] eventually deployed but damaged
7 June
17:39
RS-12M Topol Kapustin Yar RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 7 June Successful[77]
13 June
16:00:37
Pegasus-XL Stargazer, Kwajalein Atoll Orbital Sciences
NuSTAR NASA Low Earth X-ray astronomy In orbit Operational[78]
16 June
10:37:24[79]
Long March 2F Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-1 CALT
Shenzhou 9 CASC Low Earth (Tiangong-1) Technology 29 June
02:01[80]
Successful[5]
Shenzhou-9-GC CNSA Low Earth (Tiangong-1) 2 December Successful
Manned flight, first Chinese woman in space,[81][82] first manned mission to Tiangong-1
20 June
12:28
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
USA-236 (SDS) NRO Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational[83]
NRO Launch 38
21 June
10:40
Terrier Improved Orion Wallops Island NASA
RockOn Colorado Suborbital Student experiments 21 June Successful[84]
22 June
19:18
VS-40 Andøya Andøya
SHEFEX II DLR Suborbital Technology 22 June Successful[85]
23 June
19:30
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
EVE Colorado Suborbital SDO calibration 23 June Successful[86]
27 June
09:15
Castor 4B Kauai MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 27 June Successful[87]
SM-3 Block 1B target
27 June
09:18
RIM-161C Standard Missile 3 Block 1B USS Lake Erie, Pacific Ocean US Navy
US Navy Suborbital ABM test 27 June Successful[87]
FTM-18, successful intercept
29 June
13:15
Delta IV-H Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United Launch Alliance
USA-237 (Mentor) NRO Geosynchronous ELINT In orbit Operational[88]
NRO Launch 15, first flight of Delta IV with RS-68A engines

July

3 July Shahab-1 Iran IRGC
IGRC Suborbital Missile test 3 July Successful[89]
Apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)
3 July Shahab-2 Iran IGRC
IRGC Suborbital Missile test 3 July Successful[89]
Apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)
3 July Shahab-3 Iran IRGC
IRGC Suborbital Missile test 3 July Successful[89]
Apogee: ~150 kilometres (93 mi)
5 July
18:50
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
SUMI NASA/MSFC Suborbital Solar research 5 July Successful[90]
5 July
21:36:07[91]
Ariane 5ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Echostar XVII Hughes Network Systems Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
MSG 3 EUMETSAT Geosynchronous Weather In orbit Operational
9 July
18:38:30
Proton-M/Briz-M Enhanced Baikonur Site 81/24 International Launch Services
SES-5 SES Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[92]
11 July
18:50
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
Hi-C NASA/MSFC Suborbital Solar research 11 July Successful[93]
13 July
04:36
Agni-I Integrated Test Range IDRDL
IDRDL Suborbital Missile test 13 July Successful[94]
Apogee: ~200 kilometres (120 mi)
15 July
02:40:03
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TMA-05M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 32/33 19 November
01:56
Successful[95]
Manned flight
21 July
02:06:18[96]
H-IIB 304 Tanegashima LA-Y2 JAXA[97][98]
Kounotori 3 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 14 September Successful[99]
Raiko Wakayama/Tohuku Low Earth Technology 6 August 2013[101] Successful
FITSAT-1 (Niwaka) FIT Low Earth Technology 4 July 2013[103] Successful
We-Wish Meisei Electric Low Earth Technology 11 March 2013[105] Successful
F-1 FPT Low Earth Technology May 2013[107] Successful
TechEdSat San Jose Low Earth Technology 5 May 2013[109] Successful
All payloads CubeSats other than Kounotori 3. CubeSats carried aboard Kounotori and deployed from the ISS
22 July
06:41:39
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Baikonur Site 31/6 Roskosmos
Kanopus V-1 Roskosmos Low Earth Remote sensing In orbit Operational[110]
BelKA-2 NASRB Low Earth Imaging In orbit Operational[110]
Zond-PP Low Earth Technology
Remote sensing
In orbit Operational[110]
TET-1 DLR Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[110]
exactView 1 ExactEarth Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational[110]
First Belarusian satellite
23 July
11:01
Black Brant XI Wallops Island NASA
IRVE-3 NASA/Langley Suborbital Atmospheric entry test 23 July Successful[111]
Apogee: ~285 miles (459 km); part of the Hypersonic Inflatable Aerodynamic Decelerator programme
24 July
19:17
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
DFS USC Suborbital Solar research 24 July Successful[112]
25 July
15:43:04
Long March 3C Xichang LA-2 CALT
Tianlian I-03 CNSA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational[113]
28 July
01:35:34[114]
Rokot/Briz-KM Plesetsk Site 133/3 VKS
Gonets M-3 Gonets Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
Gonets M-4 Gonets Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
Kosmos 2481 (Strela-3M) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
MiR (Yubileyniy 2) NPO PM Low Earth Amateur radio
Technology
In orbit Operational

August

1 August
19:35:13
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-16M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 9 February 2013 Successful[115]
Sfera-53 Roskosmos Low Earth Air density In orbit Operational[116]
Fast rendezvous test;[117] Sfera-53 deployed from ISS at 18:29 UTC on 20 August during a spacewalk
2 August
20:54
Ariane 5ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Intelsat 20 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[118]
HYLAS-2 Avanti Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[118]
6 August
19:31:00
Proton-M/Briz-M Enhanced Baikonur Site 81/24 Khrunichev
Telkom-3 PT Telkom Planned: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Medium Earth
Communication In orbit Launch failure[119]
Ekspress MD2 RSCC Planned: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Medium Earth
Communication In orbit
Briz-M stage failure 7 seconds into its third burn.[120] Stage exploded on 16 October, generating over 500 pieces of orbital debris
7 August
07:30:00[121]
S-310 Uchinoura JAXA
[123] UT/JAXA/AGU/TKD/NU/TU/KIT Suborbital Technology 7 August Successful[124]
9 August
03:16
Agni-II ITR IC-4 Indian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test 9 August Successful[125]
Apogee: 220 kilometres (140 mi)
19 August
06:54:59
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Sea Launch
Intelsat 21 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[126]
30 August
08:05:27
Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
RBSP-A NASA Highly elliptical Magnetospheric In orbit Operational[127]
RBSP-B NASA Highly elliptical Magnetospheric In orbit Operational[127]
Radiation Belt Storm Probes

September

9 September
04:23
PSLV-CA Satish Dhawan FLP ISRO
SPOT 6 CNES Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational[128]
PROITERES Osaka Institute of Technology Low Earth Amateur radio
Technology
In orbit Operational[128]
12 September Terrier-Lynx Wallops Island DoD
Shark DoD Suborbital Radar target 12 September Successful[129]
Apogee: ~300 kilometres (190 mi)
13 September
12:30
Juno Fort Wingate LC-96 US Army
US Army Suborbital Target 13 September Successful[130]
Target for MIM-104 Patriot PAC-3 MSE test, successfully intercepted
13 September[131]
21:39:00
Atlas V 401 Vandenberg SLC-3E United Launch Alliance
USA-238 (NOSS) NRO Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational
USA-238 (NOSS) NRO Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational
CINEMA 1 UCB Low Earth Magnetospheric research In orbit Operational
CXBN Morehead Low Earth X-ray astronomy In orbit Operational
CP 5 CalPoly Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
CSSWE CU-Boulder Low Earth Magnetospheric research In orbit Operational
Aeneas USC/NRO Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
STARE A Lawrence Livermore Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
SMDC-ONE 2.1 US Army Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
SMDC-ONE 2.2 US Army Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
AeroCube 4 The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
AeroCube 4A The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
AeroCube 4B The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
NRO Launch 36
13 September VS-30/Orion Andøya DSTO
HiFire-3 DSTO Suborbital Technology 13 September Successful[132]
Hypersonic research experiment, Apogee: 349 kilometres (217 mi)
17 September
16:28:40
Soyuz-2.1a/Fregat Baikonur Site 31/6 Starsem
MetOp-B EUMETSAT Sun-synchronous Weather In orbit Operational[133]
18 September
19:10:04
Long March 3B/E Xichang LA-2 CALT
Compass-M5 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[134]
Compass-M6 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[134]
19 September
11:45[135]
Agni-IV ITR IC-4 Indian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test 19 September Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi)
21 September
13:15[136]
Agni-III ITR IC-4 Indian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test 21 September Successful
Apogee: 450 kilometres (280 mi)
21 September
11:16
Terrier Improved Malemute Wallops Island NASA
RockSat-X NASA Suborbital Student experiments 21 September Successful[137]
Apogee: ~153 kilometres (95 mi)
22 September
11:00
Talos Terrier Oriole Wallops Island NASA
NASA Suborbital Rocket test 22 September Successful[138]
Apogee: ~269 kilometres (167 mi)
22 September[139] Safir 1B Semnan ISA
Fajr ISA Intended: Low Earth Imaging 22 September Launch failure[3]
28 September
21:18:07
Ariane 5ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Astra 2F SES Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[140]
GSAT-10 ISRO Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[141]
29 September[142]
04:12:04
Long March 2D Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 SAST
VRSS-1 MPPCTII Low Earth Remote sensing In orbit Operational[143]

October

4 October
03:37
Prithvi II Integrated Test Range Launch Complex 3 DRDO
DRDO Suborbital Missile test 4 October Successful[144]
Apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 October
12:10:00
Delta IV M+(4,2) Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United Launch Alliance
USA-239 (GPS IIF-3) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[145]
5 October
05:55
Dhanush Ship, Indian Ocean DRDO
DRDO Suborbital Target 5 October Successful[146]
Apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 October
00:35:07[147]
Falcon 9 Cape Canaveral SLC-40 SpaceX
SpaceX CRS-1 SpaceX Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 28 October
19:22[13]
Successful[13]
Orbcomm-2 F1 Orbcomm Low Earth Communication 10 October Launch failure[148][149]
First flight of Commercial Resupply Services programme.[150] First stage engine failure resulted in unusably low orbit for Orbcomm payload; CRS-1 nonetheless placed into correct orbit
12 October
18:15:01
Soyuz-STB/Fregat-MT Kourou ELS Arianespace
Galileo-IOV 3 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[151]
Galileo-IOV 4 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[151]
14 October
03:25:05
Long March 2C/SMA Taiyuan LA-9 CALT
Shijian 9A CNSA Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[152]
Shijian 9B CNSA Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[152]
14 October
08:37:00
Proton-M/Briz-M Enhanced Baikonur Site 81/24 International Launch Services
Intelsat 23 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[153]
19 October
09:12
Topol M2 Plesetsk RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 19 October Successful[154]
19 October R-29R Volna Sea of Okhotsk VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 19 October Successful[154]
23 October
10:51:11[155]
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 31/6 Roskosmos
Soyuz TMA-06M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS)[156] Expedition 33/34 16 March 2013
03:06
Successful[157]
Manned flight
23 October UGM-133 Trident II D5 HMS Vigilant Royal Navy
Royal Navy Suborbital Missile test 23 October Successful[158]
24 October
18:29
RS-26 Rubezh Kapustin Yar RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 24 October Successful[159]
25 October
15:33:04
Long March 3C Xichang LA-2 CALT
Compass-G6 CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational[160]
Compass navigation system became commercially operational in Asia-Pacific region in December 2012[161]
25 October Long Range Air Launch Target C-17 Globemaster III, Pacific Ocean MDA
MDA/IMDO Suborbital ABM target 25 October Successful[162]
Target for THAAD, successful intercept
25 October THAAD Meck Island US Army
FTI-01 US Army/MDA Suborbital ABM test 25 October Successful[162]
Intercepted target missile
25 October (ARAV-B) Wake Island MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 25 October Successful[162]
FTI-01, SM-3 Block 1A target
25 October Standard Missile 3 Block 1A USS Fitzgerald (DDG-62), Pacific Ocean US Navy
US Navy Suborbital ABM test 25 October Spacecraft failure[162]
FTI-01, intercept failed
25 October SRBM Kwajalein MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 25 October Successful[162]
FTI-01, Patriot PAC-3 target, successfully intercepted
31 October
07:41:18
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Progress M-17M[164] Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 21 April 2013 Successful[165]

November

2 November
17:55
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
FOXSI UC Berkeley Suborbital Solar research 2 November Successful[166]
2 November
21:04:00
Proton-M/Briz-M Enhanced Baikonur Site 81/24 Khrunichev
Luch 5B Roskosmos Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[167]
Yamal-300K Gazprom Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[167]
10 November
21:05:07
Ariane 5ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Eutelsat 21B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[168]
Star One C3 Star One Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[168]
14 November
11:07
LGM-30G Minuteman III Vandenberg LF-10 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 14 November Successful[169]
14 November
11:42:46
Soyuz-2.1a/Fregat Plesetsk Site 43/4 VKO
Meridian 6 VKO Molniya Communication In orbit Operational[170]
18 November
22:53:04
Long March 2C Taiyuan LA-9 CALT
Huanjing 1C CNSA Sun-synchronous Remote sensing In orbit Operational[171]
Xinyan 1 CASC Sun-synchronous Technology In orbit Operational[171]
Fengniao 1 SAST Sun-synchronous Technology In orbit Operational[171]
Fengniao 1A SAST Sun-synchronous Technology In orbit Operational[171]
20 November
18:31:00
Proton-M/Briz-M Enhanced Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
EchoStar XVI EchoStar Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[172]
21 November
10:55
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
IMAGER University of Massachusetts Suborbital Astronomy 21 November Successful[173]
23 November Prithvi ITR IC-4 DRDO
DRDO Suborbital Target 23 November Successful[174]
Target for ABM test, successfully intercepted
25 November
04:06:04
Long March 4C Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 SAST
Yaogan 16A CNSA Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational[175]
Yaogan 16B CNSA Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational[175]
Yaogan 16C CNSA Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational[175]
25 November
11:20
Nike-Orion Esrange EuroLaunch
MAPHEUS-3 DLR Suborbital Technology 25 November Successful[176]
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
27 November
10:13:03[177]
Long March 3B/E Xichang LA-2 CALT
Zhongxing 12/SupremeSAT-I China Satcom/SupremeSAT Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[177]
Part of satellite's communications payload was leased to SupremeSAT, a Sri Lankan satellite operator, as SupremeSAT-I
28 November Ghauri Tilla Army of Pakistan
Haft-5 Army of Pakistan Suborbital Missile test 28 November Successful[178]
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

December

2 December
02:02:51
Soyuz-STA/Fregat Kourou ELS Arianespace
Pléiades-HR 1B CNES Low Earth Optical imaging In orbit Operational[179]
3 December
20:43:59
Zenit-3SL Ocean Odyssey Sea Launch
Eutelsat 70B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[180]
8 December
13:13:43
Proton-M/Briz-M Enhanced Baikonur Site 200/39 International Launch Services
Yamal-402 Gazprom Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational; partial launch failure[181]
Briz-M stage failure 4 minutes before scheduled shut down on its fourth burn[182]
8 December
21:00
VS-30/Orion Alcântara AEB
Iguaiba INPE Suborbital Microgravity 8 December Successful[183]
Apogee: 428 kilometres (266 mi)
11 December
18:03
Atlas V 501 Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United Launch Alliance
USA-240 (X-37B OTV-3) US Air Force Low Earth Technology 17 October 2014 Successful[184][185]
12 December
00:49:46[186][187]
Unha-3 Sohae KCST
Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2 KCST Low Earth Technology In orbit Spacecraft failure[188]
First successful North Korean orbital launch, first North Korean satellite;[189] satellite reached orbit but malfunctioned thereafter[188]
13 December
05:20
Black Brant IX White Sands NASA
DXL University of Miami Suborbital Astronomy 13 December Successful[190]
17 December
07:00[191]
S-520 Uchinoura JAXA
Tohoku/JAXA/Tokai Suborbital Microgravity 17 December Successful[192]
Apogee: 312 kilometres (194 mi)
18 December
16:13:04[193]
Long March 2D Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 SAST
Turkey
Göktürk-2
MSB Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational[194]
19 December
12:12:35
Soyuz-FG Baikonur Site 1/5 Roskosmos
Soyuz TMA-07M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 34/35 14 May 2013
02:31
Successful[195]
Manned flight
19 December
21:49:07
Ariane 5ECA Kourou ELA-3 Arianespace
Skynet 5D Astrium Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[196]
Mexsat-3 SCT Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[196]
Skynet 5D operated by Astrium Services on behalf of the British Ministry of Defence
20 December
03:51
Prithvi II ITR IC-3 DRDO
Strategic Force Command Suborbital Missile test 20 December Successful[197]
Apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)

Deep space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
1 January GRAIL-B Lunar orbit insertion Joined its twin, GRAIL-A, which entered lunar orbit on 31 December 2011.[198]
2 January Cassini 80th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 29,415 kilometres (18,278 mi).[199]
30 January Cassini 81st flyby of Titan Closest approach: 31,131 kilometres (19,344 mi).[199]
19 February Cassini 82nd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 3,803 kilometres (2,363 mi).[199]
9 March Cassini 17th flyby of Enceladus Closest approach: 9,000 kilometres (5,600 mi).[199]
27 March Cassini 18th flyby of Enceladus Closest approach: 74 kilometres (46 mi).[199]
14 April Cassini 19th flyby of Enceladus
Flyby of Tethys
Closest approach to Enceladus: 74 kilometres (46 mi).[199]
Closest approach to Tethys: 9,000 kilometres (5,600 mi).[199]
2 May Cassini 20th flyby of Enceladus
4th flyby of Dione
Closest approach to Enceladus: 74 kilometres (46 mi).[199]
Closest approach to Dione: 8,000 kilometres (5,000 mi).[199]
20 May Cassini Flyby of Methone
Flyby of Telesto
Closest approach to Methone: 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi).[199]
Closest approach to Telesto: 11,000 kilometres (6,800 mi).[199]
21 May Cassini 83rd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 955 kilometres (593 mi).[199]
6 June Cassini 84th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 959 kilometres (596 mi).[199]
24 July Cassini 85th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,012 kilometres (629 mi).[199]
6 August Curiosity Landing on Mars in Gale Crater Used the Sky Crane soft landing system. Successful landing at 05:14 UTC.[11]
5 September[14][200] Dawn Leaving Vestiocentric orbit Heading for Ceres, which it is expected to reach in 2015.
26 September Cassini 86th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 956 kilometres (594 mi).[199]
13 November Cassini 87th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 973 kilometres (605 mi).[199]
29 November Cassini 88th flyby of Titan Closest approach to Titan: 1,014 kilometres (630 mi).[199]
13 December Chang'e 2 Flyby of 4179 Toutatis First Chinese asteroid flyby. Closest approach to 4179 Toutatis: less than 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) (770 metres).[15][201]
17 December GRAIL Lunar impact at "Sally K. Ride" site Both GRAIL satellites concluded their mission by impacting the Moon’s surface.[202][203]
22 December Cassini 89th flyby of Titan
Flyby of Rhea
Closest approach to Titan: 715,000 kilometres (444,000 mi).[199]
Closest approach to Rhea: 23,000 kilometres (14,000 mi).[199]

EVAs

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
16 February
14:31[6]
6 hours
15 minutes
20:46 Expedition 29/30

ISS Pirs

Oleg Kononenko

Anton Shkaplerov

Moved Strela 1 crane from ISS Pirs module to Poisk module, installed four materials experiments on the exterior of the ISS, and installed supporting struts on the EVA ladder on Pirs.
20 August
16:37[7]
5 hours
51 minutes
22:28 Expedition 31/32

ISS Pirs

Gennady Padalka

Yuri Malenchenko

Relocated Strela 2 telescoping boom from Pirs docking compartment to Zarya control module, in preparation for undocking of Pirs, which will pave the way for arrival of the Russian Multipurpose Laboratory Module in 2013. Also installed micrometeoroid debris shields on Zvezda service module, retrieved two experiments from Pirs' exterior, installed two support struts for hatch ladder and deployed two small tracking satellites.[116]
30 August
12:16
8 hours
17 minutes
20:33 Expedition 31/32

ISS Quest

Sunita Williams

Akihiko Hoshide

Connected two power cables between the US and Russian orbital segments; removed and replaced Main Bus Switching Unit (MBSU) 1. The crew had difficulty in removing connecting bolts of the old MBSU, and were unable to tighten up the bolts for the new unit. The new MBSU was tied down for future trouble-shooting, with all other tasks deferred to a future EVA. Third-longest EVA in history.[8]
5 September
11:06
6 hours
28 minutes
17:34 Expedition 31/32

ISS Quest

Sunita Williams

Akihiko Hoshide

Installed the new MBSU unit, working around difficulty with one of the bolts; replaced one of the cameras mounted on the Canadarm2. During this spacewalk, Sunita Williams broke Peggy Whitson's 2007 record for most total time spacewalking by a woman.[9][204]
1 November
12:29
6 hours
38 minutes
19:07 Expedition 32/33

ISS Quest

Sunita Williams

Akihiko Hoshide

Reconfigured and isolated a leak in the ammonia cooling system of power channel 2B on the P6 truss by bypassing a leaking cooling loop and re-connecting jumpers to an unused loop of the Early External Thermal Control System (EETCS), and by redeploying the trailing Thermal Control Radiator of the system.[10][205]

Orbital launch summary

  China (PRC)
  Europe
  India
  Iran
  Japan
  North Korea
  Russia/CIS
  United States
Orbital launch attempts by country in 2012

By country

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 Europe 8 8 0 0 All launched from Guiana Space Centre by Arianespace
 India 2 2 0 0
 Iran 3 1 2 0
 Japan 2 2 0 0
 People's Republic of China 19 19 0 0
 North Korea 2 1 1 0 First successful orbital launch
 Russia/ CIS 29 27 1 1 Includes Sea Launch (3) and Soyuz from Kourou (2)
 United States 13 12 0 1

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane  Europe 7 7 0 0
Atlas  United States 6 6 0 0
Delta  United States 4 4 0 0
Energia  Ukraine/ Russia 3 3 0 0
Falcon  United States 2 1 0 1 8 October rocket failure only affected one of two payloads[148]
H-II  Japan 2 2 0 0
Long March  People's Republic of China 19 19 0 0
R-7  Russia 14 14 0 0
Safir  Iran 3 1 2 0
PSLV  India 2 2 0 0
Pegasus  United States 1 1 0 0
Unha  North Korea 2 1 1 0 First successful launch
Universal Rocket  Russia 12 10 1 1
Vega  Europe 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane 5  Europe Ariane 7 7 0 0
Atlas V  United States Atlas 6 6 0 0
Delta IV  United States Delta 4 4 0 0
Falcon 9  United States Falcon 9 2 1 0 1 Failure only affected one of two payloads
H-IIA  Japan H-II 1 1 0 0
H-IIB  Japan H-II 1 1 0 0
Long March 2  People's Republic of China Long March 6 6 0 0
Long March 3  People's Republic of China Long March 9 9 0 0
Long March 4  People's Republic of China Long March 4 4 0 0
Pegasus XL  United States Pegasus 1 1 0 0
PSLV  India PSLV 2 2 0 0
Proton  Russia Universal Rocket 11 9 1 1
Safir  Iran Safir 3 1 2 0
Soyuz  Russia R-7 14 14 0 0
UR-100  Russia Universal Rocket 1 1 0 0
Unha  North Korea Unha 2 1 1 0 First successful launch
Vega  Europe Vega 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Zenit  Ukraine Energia 3 3 0 0

By configuration

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane 5 ECA  Europe Ariane 5 6 6 0 0
Ariane 5 ES  Europe Ariane 5 1 1 0 0
Atlas V 401  United States Atlas V 3 3 0 0
Atlas V 501  United States Atlas V 1 1 0 0
Atlas V 531  United States Atlas V 1 1 0 0
Atlas V 551  United States Atlas V 1 1 0 0
Delta IV Medium+ (4,2)  United States Delta IV 1 1 0 0
Delta IV Medium+ (5,2)  United States Delta IV 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight[206]
Delta IV Medium+ (5,4)  United States Delta IV 1 1 0 0
Delta IV-H  United States Delta IV 1 1 0 0
Falcon 9 v1.0  United States Falcon 9 2 1 0 1 Failure only affected one of two payloads
H-IIA 202  Japan H-IIA 1 1 0 0
H-IIB  Japan H-IIB 1 1 0 0
Long March 2C  People's Republic of China Long March 2 2 2 0 0
Long March 2D  People's Republic of China Long March 2 3 3 0 0
Long March 2F  People's Republic of China Long March 2 1 1 0 0
Long March 3A  People's Republic of China Long March 3 1 1 0 0
Long March 3B/E  People's Republic of China Long March 3 5 5 0 0
Long March 3C  People's Republic of China Long March 3 3 3 0 0
Long March 4B  People's Republic of China Long March 4 2 2 0 0
Long March 4C  People's Republic of China Long March 4 2 2 0 0
Pegasus XL  United States Pegasus 1 1 0 0
PSLV-CA  India PSLV 1 1 0 0
PSLV-XL  India PSLV 1 1 0 0
Proton-K/Block DM-2  Russia Proton 1 1 0 0 Retired[45]
Proton-M/Briz-M  Russia Proton 10 8 1 1
Rokot/Briz-KM  Russia UR-100 1 1 0 0
Safir-1B  Iran Safir 3 1 2 0
Soyuz-2.1a/Fregat  Russia Soyuz 3 3 0 0
Soyuz-2.1b/Fregat  Russia Soyuz 1 1 0 0
Soyuz-FG  Russia Soyuz 4 4 0 0
Soyuz-FG/Fregat  Russia Soyuz 1 1 0 0
Soyuz-U  Russia Soyuz 5 5 0 0
Unha-3  North Korea Unha 2 1 1 0 Maiden flight
Vega  Europe Vega 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Zenit-3SL  Ukraine/ Russia Zenit 3 3 0 0

By launch site

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur  Kazakhstan 21 19 1 1
Cape Canaveral  United States 10 9 0 1
Kourou  France 10 10 0 0
Jiuquan  People's Republic of China 5 5 0 0
Kwajalein  Marshall Islands 1 1 0 0
Ocean Odyssey International 3 3 0 0
Plesetsk  Russia 3 3 0 0
Satish Dhawan  India 2 2 0 0
Semnan  Iran 3 1 2 0
Sohae  North Korea 2 1 1 0
Tanegashima  Japan 2 2 0 0
Taiyuan  People's Republic of China 5 5 0 0
Vandenberg  United States 2 2 0 0
Xichang  People's Republic of China 9 9 0 0

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Successes Failures Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Low Earth 40 37 3 0 12 to ISS (4 manned) and 1 to Tiangong-1 (manned)
Medium Earth 4 4 0 1
Geosynchronous/transfer 32 30 1 1
High Earth 2 2 0 0

See also

References

  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report". 
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica". 
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches". Gunter's Space Page. 
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA. 
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report". Jonathan's Space Page. 
  • "Mission Set Database". NASA GSFC. 
  • "NASASpaceFlight.com". 
  • "Launch Logs". Orbital Report News Agency. 
  • "Space Calendar". NASA JPL. 
  • "Southwest Space Archive". 
  • "Launch Forecast". Space.com. 
  • "Spaceflight Now". 
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive". 
  • "U.S. Space Objects Registry". 
  • "Хроника освоения космоса ('Chronicle of space exploration')" (in Russian). Cosmoworld.ru. 
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b "Space Year Review 2012: Launch vehicles – Falcon 9, Delta IV and Soyuz show robustness in mishaps but not so for Safir or Proton". Flightglobal. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Hansen, Nick (1 October 2012). "Rocket science - Iran's rocket programme". Jane's Intelligence Review 24 (10). Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Fajr". Gunter's Space Page. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "North Korea's rocket launch fails as world condemns action".  
  5. ^ a b "China's Shenzhou 9 spacecraft returns to earth".  
  6. ^ a b Pete Harding (16 February 2012). "Cosmonaut duo complete Russian spacewalk outside ISS". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Russian cosmonauts perform six-hour spacewalk outside International Space Station".  
  8. ^ a b Pete Harding (30 August 2012). "Astronaut duo complete challenging first post-Shuttle US spacewalk on ISS". NASASpaceflight. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  9. ^ a b "Williams sets record in spacewalk". The Peninsula Qatar. 20 November 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "Astronauts take spacewalk to find ammonia leak". AP via USA TODAY. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2013. 
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External links

  • "Forecasts 2012: Spaceflight". Flightglobal. 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  • "The 12 Most Anticipated Space Missions of 2012". Space.com. 26 December 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  • "2012 Human Spaceflight: A Look Ahead". Discovery News. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
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