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United States Fleet Forces Command

United States Fleet Forces Command
(USFLTFORCOM)
United States Fleet Forces Command emblem
The seal of the commander of United States Fleet Forces Command.
Active 1906–present
Allegiance  United States of America
Branch  United States Navy
Type Theater command, fleet
Part of U.S. Northern Command and
U.S. Strategic Command
Garrison/HQ NAVSTA Norfolk, Virginia, U.S.
Nickname USFLTFORCOM
Engagements World War I
World War II
Vietnam War
Global War on Terrorism
Commanders
Current
commander
ADM William E. Gortney, USN

The United States Fleet Forces Command (USFLTFORCOM) is a service component command of the United States Navy that provides naval resources that are under the administrative control of the Secretary of the Navy. The naval resources may be allocated to Combatant Commanders such as United States Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) under the authority of the Secretary of Defense. Originally formed as United States Atlantic Fleet (USLANTFLT) in 1906, it has been an integral part of the defense of the United States of America for most of the 20th century. In 2002, the Fleet comprised over 118,000 Navy and Marine Corps personnel serving on 186 ships and in 1,300 aircraft, with an area of responsibility ranging over most of the Atlantic Ocean from the North Pole to the South Pole, the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and the waters of the Pacific Ocean along the coasts of Central and South America (as far west as the Galapagos Islands). The command is based at Naval Support Activity Hampton Roads in Norfolk, Virginia and is the Navy's service component to U.S. Northern Command[1] and to U.S. Strategic Command.[2]

The command's mission is to organize, man, train, and equip Naval Forces for assignment to Unified Command Combatant commanders; to deter, detect, and defend against homeland maritime threats; and to articulate Fleet warfighting and readiness requirements to the Chief of Naval Operations.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Expansion and contraction 1.1
    • World War II 1.2
    • Cold War 1.3
    • 2000s 1.4
    • 2010s 1.5
  • Organization c.2013 2
    • Maritime Operations 2.1
    • Maritime Headquarters 2.2
    • Subordinate commands 2.3
    • Type commands 2.4
    • Task forces 2.5
      • Joint operations task forces 2.5.1
  • List of commanders 3
    • Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet 3.1
    • Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command 3.2
    • Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, Commander-in-Chief, USLANTCOM and SACLANT 3.3
    • Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Deputy Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command 3.4
    • Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet 3.5
    • Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command 3.6
    • Commander, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command 3.7
    • Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command 3.8
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

History

Expansion and contraction

The Atlantic Fleet was established by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906, at the same time as the Pacific Fleet, as protection for new bases in the Caribbean acquired as a result of the Spanish-American War. The Fleet was a combination of the North Atlantic Fleet and the South Atlantic Squadron.

The first commander of the fleet was Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans, who hoisted his flag in the battleship USS Maine (BB-10) on 1 January 1906. The following year, he took his 16 battleships, now dubbed the Great White Fleet, on a round-the-world cruise that lasted until 1909, a goodwill tour that also served the purpose of advertising the United States' naval strength and reach to all other nations of the globe.

In January 1913 the fleet consisted of six first-line divisions, a torpedo flotilla, submarines, and fleet auxiliaries.[4] The fleet was under the command of Rear Admiral Hugo Osterhaus.

The Cruiser and Transport Force served in Atlantic waters during World War I moving the American Expeditionary Forces to Europe. United States Battleship Division Nine joined the Grand Fleet in the UK.

The Atlantic Fleet was reorganized into the Scouting Force in 1923, which was under the United States Fleet along with the Pacific Fleet. In January 1939 the Atlantic Squadron, United States Fleet, was formed.[5] The aircraft carrier USS Ranger (CV-4) was transferred to the Atlantic Ocean, to join three battleships. Vice Admiral Alfred Wilkinson Johnson commanded the squadron.

On 1 November 1940 the Atlantic Squadron was renamed the Patrol Force. The Patrol Force was organized into type commands: Battleships, Patrol Force; Cruisers, Patrol Force; Destroyers, Patrol Force; and, Train, Patrol Force (the logistics arms).[5]

World War II

On 1 February 1941, the Atlantic Fleet was resurrected and organized from the Patrol Force. Along with the Pacific Fleet and Asiatic Fleet, the fleet was to be under the command of a full Admiral, which jumped the fleet's commander Ernest J. King from a two-star to a four-star. King's flagship was USS Texas (BB-35).

Subsequently, the headquarters was in a rather odd assortment of ships; the USS Augusta (CA-31), then the old wooden ship USS Constellation, USS Vixen (PG-53), and then USS Pocono (AGC-16). In 1948, the HQ moved into the former naval hospital at Norfolk, Virginia, and has remained there ever since.

On 7 December 1941 the Fleet comprised eight separate components. Battleships, Atlantic Fleet was made up of Battleship Division Three (USS New Mexico (BB-40), USS Mississippi (BB-41) and USS Idaho (BB-42)) and Battleship Division Five (a training division made up of the older battleships USS New York (BB-34), USS Texas (BB-35), and USS Arkansas (BB-33). The other components were Aircraft, Atlantic Fleet, which included Carrier Division Three with USS Ranger (CV-4) and USS Wasp (CV-7), and additionally Yorktown and Long Island; Cruisers, Atlantic Fleet, Patrol Wings, Atlantic Fleet (Patrol Wings 3, 5, 7, 8, and 9); Destroyers, Atlantic Fleet,[6] Submarines Atlantic Fleet; Train, Atlantic Fleet, and Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet (PHIBLANT, COMPHIBLANT).[7] During World War II "Transports, Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet" was part of this command (ComTransPhibLant). Smaller units included the Antisubmarine Development Detachment, Atlantic Fleet (ASDEVLANT) located at Quonset Point, Rhode Island.[8] The detachment was responsible for the study and development of antisubmarine gear during World War II. The Commander of the detachment was known as COMASDEVLANT.

Admiral King was appointed Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet, on 20 December 1941. Rear Admiral Task Force One was the Ocean Escort Force, TF2—Striking Force, TF3—Scouting Force, TF4—Support Force, TF5—Submarine Force, TF6—Naval Coastal Frontier Forces, TF7—Bermuda Force, TF8—Patrol Wings, TF9—Service Force, and Task Force 10, 1st Marine Division (commanded by a Brigadier General).

Cold War

On 1 January 1946, Commander Minesweeping Forces, Atlantic Fleet (ComMinLant) was activated to command minesweepers assigned to the Atlantic Fleet. The Commander, Mine Forces, Atlantic was responsible for all Fleet minecraft operations. Units under his command were divided into Minesweeping Squadrons (MineRon)s.

Between 1947 and 1985, the fleet command was a concurrent appointment with the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986, CINCLANFLT was separated from the two other billets. The admiral commanding the Atlantic Fleet was designated as the Deputy Commander in Chief of the Atlantic Command until 1986.

Major crises the Atlantic Fleet was involved in during the Cold War included the 1965 United States occupation of the Dominican Republic[10] and the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962.

The general purpose forces of the Army, Navy, and Air Force began to be reorganized in response to the Robert Dennison, to provide the unified command. He also retained control of all naval components involved in tactical operations, as the Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet. The responsibility for Army and Air Force components was assigned to the Continental Army Command (CONARC) and the Tactical Air Command under the designation of Army Forces, Atlantic (ARLANT), and Air Forces, Atlantic (AFLANT). The commander of the Army XVIII Airborne Corps was designated Joint Task Force Commander to plan for any joint operations that might become necessary. Over-all direction was exercised by the President and the Secretary of Defense through the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who named the Chief of Naval Operations as their representative for the quarantine.[11]

Major elements of the Strategic Army Corps were designated for use by ARLANT and placed in advanced alert status. Logistic support for the more than 100,000 men involved was directed by a newly established Peninsula Base Command. Preparatory steps were taken to make possible the immediate callup of high priority Army National Guard and Army Reserve units. U.S. Air Force air support for the ground forces was provided by Tactical Air Command, which moved hundreds of tactical fighter, reconnaissance, and troop carrier aircraft to the southeast. To make room for all these units, the bombers, tankers, and other aircraft not required for the current operations were ordered to other bases in the United States.[11]

From the late 1960s, nuclear ballistic missile submarines of the fleet began to make thousands of deterrent patrols.[12] The first patrol in the Atlantic Fleet

  • U.S. Fleet Forces Command official website
  • Former commanders of U.S. Fleet Forces Command
  • More detail about the Atlantic Fleet and its components
  • History (U.S. Fleet Forces Command website)

External links

  • "Strict Neutrality - Britain and France at War with Germany: September 1939 - May 1940". United States Navy and World War II. Naval-History.net. Archived from the original on 2006-11-18. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  • Hutchins, Susan G.; William G. Kemple; David L. Kleinman; Scot Miller; Karl Pfeiffer; Shawn Weil; Zachary Horn; Matthew Puglisi; Elliot Entin (2009). Maritime Headquarters with Maritime Operations Center: A Research Agenda for Experimentation.  
  • Lawlor, Maryann (November 2007). "A New Role for Maritime Headquarters".  
  • Capt. William E. Scarborough, USN (Ret.). "The Neutrality Patrol: To Keep Us Out of World War II?" (PDF). Naval Historical Center, United States Navy. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 

Further reading

  1. ^ U.S. Northern Command Fact Sheet - U.S. Fleet Forces Command
  2. ^ U.S. Strategic Command's Service Components
  3. ^ Fleet Forces Command, U.S. Fleet Forces Command Mission
  4. ^ http://www.fleetorganization.com/1913atlantic.html
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Navy, Battleships, A Short History". Retrieved 24 December 2007. 
  6. ^ DesLant
  7. ^ Orbat.com/Niehorster, http://www.orbat.com/ww2/drleo/013_usa/_41_usn/_usn.html
  8. ^ This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
  9. ^ HyperWar, http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/Admin-Hist/USN-Admin/USN-Admin-4.html accessed April 2011
  10. ^ Naval Historical Center, Caribbean Tempest: The Dominican Republic Intervention of 1965, accessed August 2010
  11. ^ a b http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq90-2.htm
  12. ^ http://www.navy.mil/navydata/fact_display.asp?cid=4100&tid=200&ct=4
  13. ^ Federation of American Scientists
  14. ^ 'Fleet's structure reorganized,' All Hands, September 1995, p.1-2
  15. ^ A Brief History Of The U.S. Fleet Forces Command
  16. ^ "Navy Carrier Strike Group Deployment Schedules to Shift". NNS090911-22. U.S. Fleet Forces Command. 11 September 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  17. ^ Ensign Michael Hatfield, USN (April 19, 2012). Completes Sea Trials, Rejoins the Fleet"Enterprise". NNS100419-03. USS Enterprise Public Affairs. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ http://www.wvec.com/news/military/Navys-Fleet-Forces-Command-taking-over-Second-Fleet-duties-124880344.html
  20. ^ "USFF Commanders Guidance Brief to Senior Staff 17 Sep_FINAL". Scribd.com. September 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-15. Slides 21, 45, 46 
  21. ^ a b c d e Admiral  
  22. ^ Admiral  
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "USFF Commanders Guidance Brief to Senior Staff 17 Sep_FINAL". Scribd.com. September 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-15. Slides 22, 43—49. 
  24. ^ a b c d "Fleet Forces Commander to be Naval Component for US NORTHCOM". Documents.  
  25. ^ Official Biography. United States Navy. 6 December 2012 http://www.navy.mil/navydata/bios/navybio.asp?bioID=416 . Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  26. ^ [3], Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command. Accessed 26 Sep 2012.
  27. ^ Task Force 83
  28. ^ a b "Rename and Modify Mission of Commander, Patrol and Reconnaissance Group Atlantic and Change Immediate Superior in Command of Patrol Squadron Three Zero". Documents.  
  29. ^ Fletcher originally assumed office as a rear admiral then was promoted to admiral in 1915 bypassing the rank of vice admiral.
  30. ^ King was promoted to Fleet Admiral on December 17, 1944. He later served as Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet and as the 9th Chief of Naval Operations.
  31. ^ Ingersoll later served as Commander, Western Sea Frontier.
  32. ^ Moorer later served as the 18th Chief of Naval Operations and as the 7th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
  33. ^ Troust later served as the 23rd Chief of Naval Operations.
  34. ^ a b Kelso later served as the 24th Chief of Naval Operations.
  35. ^ Reason was the first African-American to become a four-star admiral.

Notes

See also

# Name Rank Picture Start of tenure End of tenure
37 NathmanJohn B. Nathman O-10 May 22, 2006 May 16, 2007
38 RougheadGary Roughead O-10 May 17, 2007 September 28, 2007
39 GreenertJonathan W. Greenert O-10 September 29, 2007 July 23, 2009
40 HarveyJohn C. Harvey, Jr. O-10 July 24, 2009 September 14, 2012
41 GortneyWilliam E. Gortney O-10 September 14, 2012 Incumbent

Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command

# Name Rank Picture Start of tenure End of tenure
35 NatterRobert J. Natter O-10 October 24, 2002 October 3, 2003
36 FallonWilliam J. Fallon O-10 October 3, 2003 February 18, 2005
37 NathmanJohn B. Nathman O-10 February 18, 2005 May 22, 2006

Commander, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command

# Name Rank Picture Start of tenure End of tenure
35 NatterRobert J. Natter O-10 October 1, 2002 October 24, 2002

Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command

# Name Rank Picture Start of tenure End of tenure
28 KelsoFrank B. Kelso II[35] O-10 September 16, 1986 November 4, 1988
29 CaterPowell F. Carter, Jr. O-10 November 4, 1988 January 31, 1991
30 MillerPaul David Miller O-10 January 31, 1991 July 13, 1992
31 MauzHenry H. Mauz, Jr. O-10 July 13, 1992 October 5, 1994
32 FlanaganWilliam J. Flanagan, Jr. O-10 October 5, 1994 December 20, 1996
33 ReasonJ. Paul Reason[36] O-10 December 20, 1996 September 17, 1999
34 ClarkVern Clark O-10 September 17, 1999 June 23, 2000
35 NatterRobert J. Natter O-10 June 23, 2000 October 1, 2002

Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet

# Name Rank Picture Start of tenure End of tenure
27 TrostCarlisle A. H. Trost[34] O-10 October 4, 1985 June 30, 1986
28 KelsoFrank B. Kelso II[35] O-10 June 30, 1986 September 16, 1986

Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Deputy Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command

# Name Rank Picture Start of tenure End of tenure
16 McCormickLynde D. McCormick O-10 August 15, 1951 April 12, 1954
17 WrightJerauld Wright O-10 April 12, 1954 February 28, 1960
18 DennisonRobert L. Dennison O-10 February 28, 1960 April 30, 1963
19 SmithHarold P. Smith O-10 April 30, 1963 April 30, 1965
20 MoorerThomas H. Moorer[33] O-10 April 30, 1965 June 17, 1967
21 HolmesEphraim P. Holmes O-10 June 17, 1967 September 30, 1970
22 DuncanCharles K. Duncan O-10 September 30, 1970 October 31, 1972
23 CousinsRalph W. Cousins O-10 October 31, 1972 May 30, 1975
24 KiddIsaac C. Kidd, Jr. O-10 May 30, 1975 September 30, 1978
25 TrainHarry D. Train II O-10 September 30, 1978 September 30, 1982
26 McDonaldWesley L. McDonald O-10 September 30, 1982 October 4, 1985

Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, Commander-in-Chief, USLANTCOM and SACLANT

# Name Rank Picture Start of tenure End of tenure
14 BlandyWilliam H. P. Blandy O-10 February 3, 1947 February 1, 1950
15 FechtelerWilliam M. Fechteler O-10 February 1, 1950 August 15, 1951

Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command

# Name Rank Picture Start of tenure End of tenure
1 EvansRobley D. Evans O-8 March 1905 May 1908
2 SperryCharles S. Sperry O-8 May 1908 March 1909
3 SchroederSeaton Schroeder O-8 March 1909 June 1911
4 OsterhausHugo W. Osterhaus O-8 June 1911 January 1913
5 BadgerCharles J. Badger O-8 January 1913 September 1914
6 FletcherFrank F. Fletcher[30] O-10 September 1914 June 1916
7 MayoHenry T. Mayo O-10 June 1916 June 1919
8 WilsonHenry B. Wilson O-10





June 1919 June 1921
9 JonesHilary P. Jones O-10





June 1921 December 1922
10 KingErnest J. King[31] O-10 February 1, 1941 December 30, 1941
11 IngersollRoyal E. Ingersoll[32] O-10 December 30, 1941 November 15, 1944
12 IngramJonas H. Ingram O-10 November 15, 1944 September 26, 1946
13 MitscherMarc A. Mitscher O-10 September 26, 1946 February 3, 1947

Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet

List of commanders

Additionally, in the event of an emergency sortie to protect Fleet assets and capabilities, Task Force 183 is designated as Task Force 883.[23]

  • Task Force 180 — Maritime Headquarters – Joint Forces Maritime Component Commander North (MHQ – COMUSFF)
  • Task Force 183 — Logistics – Military Sealift Command Atlantic (LOG – MSCLANT)
  • Task Force 184 — Theater Antisubmarine Warfare Commander – Commander Submarine Force (TASC - COMNAVSUBFOR)
  • Task Force 185 — Mine Warfare – Naval Mine and Anti-Submarine Warfare Command (MIW – NMAWC)
  • Task Force 186 — Defense Support of Civil Authorities – Navy Expeditionary Combat Command (DSCA – COMNECC)
  • Task Force 187 — Reconnaissance – Commander Patrol and Reconnaissance Group (RECON – CPRG)[29]
  • Task Force 189 — Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief – Expeditionary Strike Group Two (HADR – ESG 2)

When constituted as a joint-service task force for Joint warfare operations, functional mission task forces for the U.S. Fleet Forces Command are give a 18X designation as shown below.[23]

Joint operations task forces

  • Task Force 80 — Maritime Headquarters - Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command (MHQ - COMUSFF)
  • Task Force 83[28] — Logistics – Military Sealift Command Atlantic (LOG – MSCLANT)
  • Task Force 84 — Theater Antisubmarine Warfare Commander – Commander Submarine Force (TASC - CSL)
  • Task Force 85 — Mine Warfare – Naval Mine and Anti-Submarine Warfare Command (MIW – NMAWC)
  • Task Force 86 — Defense Support of Civil Authorities – Navy Expeditionary Combat Command (DSCA – COMNECC)
  • Task Force 87 — Reconnaissance – Commander Patrol and Reconnaissance Group (RECON – CPRG)[29]
  • Task Force 89 — Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief – Expeditionary Strike Group Two (HADR – ESG 2)
  • Task Force 883 — Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces (COMUSFF)

Functional mission task forces execute force-wide Fleet logistic functions as well as providing capabilities for Joint contingency operations. These functional mission task forces include:[23]

Task forces

All ships are organized into categories by type. Aircraft carriers, aircraft squadrons, and air stations are under the administrative control of the appropriate Commander Naval Air Force. Submarines come under the Commander Submarine Force. All other ships fall under Commander Naval Surface Force. Type commands for Fleet Forces Command include:

Type commands

U.S. Fleet Forces Subordinate Commands include the following:[26]

Subordinate commands

  • N1 — Fleet Personnel Development and Allocation (including information architecture management and anti-terrorism/force protection)
  • N41 — Fleet Ordnance and Supply
  • N43 — Fleet Maintenance
  • N45/46 — Fleet Installations and Environment
  • N6 — Fleet Communications and Information Systems
  • N8/N9 — Fleet Capabilities, Requirements, Concepts, and Experimentation (including missile defense)
  • N03FS — Fleet Safety and Occupational Health
  • N03G — Fleet Religious Ministries
  • N03H — Fleet Surgeon and Health Services
  • N03M — Fleet Marine

[23] The Director of Maritime Headquarters (DMHQ) is an active-duty two-star [23][21] The Maritime Headquarters (MHQ) leads all phases prior to the pre-deployment training cycle, including resourcing, policy development, assessment, procurement, and pre-introduction of naval units assigned to the Fleet Forces Command. The MHQ transitions all naval units from their strategical phase to their operational phase prior to their pre-deployment training cycle, and in the capacity, it supports the Maritime Operations Center.

Maritime Headquarters

  • N2/39 — Intelligence and Information Warfare
  • N3/N5 — Joint / Fleet Operations
    • N31 — Maritime Operations Center (MOC)
  • N041 — Global Force Management
  • N042 — Force Protection
  • N7 — Joint / Fleet Training

[23] The Director of Maritime Operations (DMO) is an active-duty two-star

The Maritime Operations directorate leads all phases of the pre-deployment fleet response training plan (FRTP) cycle involving those naval units assigned to the Fleet Forces Command. The directorate transitions all naval units from their operational phase to their tactical phase prior to their overseas deployment.[21][23]

Maritime Operations

Effective 17 May 2013, Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command was officially designated as the naval component commander for the U.S. Northern Command.[24] In this new capacity, the Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command is to contribute to the defense of North America through the coordination, collaboration, and communication with allied, coalition, and joint forces within the U.S. Northern Command's Commander, Navy Installations Command is responsible for area coordination for U.S. Naval Forces Northern Command.[24] Additionally, Commander, Navy Region Mid-Atlantic is responsible for regional coordination for U.S. Naval Forces Northern Command.[24]

According to the executive summary of the Commander's vision and guidance of October 2012, U.S. Fleet Forces Command is based upon the three tenets of war-fighting, forward operations, and readiness as set forth in the Navigation Plan 2013-2017 guidance from the Chief of Naval Operation.[21][22] To achieve these objectives, Fleet Forces Command was realigned to a Maritime Operations Center (MOC) and Maritime Headquarters (MHQ) command structure. Additionally, the Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command (COMUSFLTFORCOM) is designated as the Joint Forces Maritime Component Commander North (JFMCC-N) to the U.S. Northern Command.[21] Joint Forces Maritime Component Commander North consists of two Maritime Command Elements (MCE), with Maritime Command Element-East (MCE-E) being Task Force 180 and Maritime Command Element-West (MCE-W) provided from units assigned to the U.S. Pacific Fleet.[21][23]

Organization c.2013

News reports in July 2011 said that in connection with the disestablishment of the United States Second Fleet, Fleet Forces Command would take over Second Fleet's duties on September 30, 2011.[19] Effectively this meant Task Force 20 (TF 20), under a deputy commander of the fleet, took over that mission. Task Force 20 was succeeded by Task Force 80 effective 1 October 2012, with TF-80 being under the command of the director of the Maritime Headquarters, Fleet Forces Command.[20]

2010s

On 24 July 2009, Admiral John C. Harvey, Jr. relieved Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert as Commander.[18]

Enterprise entered an ESRA in 2008, but the refit took longer than expected. Thus on 11 September 2009, it was announced that the carrier strike group deployment schedule would be changed to accommodate the delay in the return of the Enterprise from its current overhaul. This resulted in extending both Carrier Strike Group Eleven's 2009-2010 deployment and Carrier Strike Group Ten's 2010 deployment to eight months.[16] Enterprise returned to Naval Station Norfolk on 19 April 2010 after completing its post-overhaul sea trials, signifying the beginning of its pre-deployment training cycle.[17]

On 23 May 2006, the Chief of Naval Operations renamed COMLANTFLT to Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command (COMUSFLTFORCOM), ordered to carry out the missions currently performed by COMFLTFORCOM and serve as primary advocate for fleet personnel, training, requirements, maintenance, and operational issues, reporting administratively directly to the CNO as an Echelon 2 command. The previous title CFFC was disestablished at the same time.[15] CUSFFC previously served as the Naval component of US Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM) until the disestablishment of USJFCOM in August 2011. CFFC is also assigned as the supporting service component commander to Commander, United States Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) as well as to Commander, United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM).

The numbered fleet commanders are now responsible for the training and certification of the entire Strike Group. The organizational structure to support the carrier strike groups focuses more on placing Strike Group commanders under the authority of the certifying officer, or the numbered fleet commander. Under this new division of responsibility, the air-side type commander gains authority over the air wing, and the surface-side type commander gains authority over the carrier itself and the rest of the ships of the battle group.

In the CNO Guidance for 2003, Admiral Vernon Clark stipulated that the terms Carrier Battle Group and Amphibious Readiness Group would be replaced by Carrier Strike Groups (CSG) and Expeditionary Strike Groups (ESGs), respectively, by March 2003. Cruiser-Destroyer (CRUDESGRU) and Carrier Groups (CARGRU) were also redesignated, as Carrier Strike Groups (CSG), and aligned directly under the numbered fleet commanders. CARGRU and CRUDESGRU staffs were formerly under the administrative authority of their respective air and surface type commanders (TYCOM). This realignment allowed key operational leaders authority and direct access to the personnel required to more effectively accomplish the Navy’s mission. All carrier strike groups are ultimately subordinate to Fleet Forces Command.

On 1 October 2001, the Chief of Naval Operations designated Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet (CINCLANTFLT) as concurrent Commander, Fleet Forces Command. In October–November 2002, the title of Commander in Chief, Atlantic Fleet was discontinued and the title of Commander, U.S. Atlantic Fleet (COMLANTFLT) was established.

2000s

[14] As part of a reorganization announced in July 1995 of the Atlantic Fleet's surface combatant ships into six core battle groups, nine destroyer squadrons, and a new Western Hemisphere Group,

Commander, Naval Surface Forces Atlantic was formed on 1 July 1975, incorporating a number of previous separate smaller commands - mine warfare vessels/units, service vessels, and frigates, destroyers and cruisers, along with associated destroyer squadrons and cruiser/destroyer groups.

[13]

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