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United Kingdom coalition government 2010 to present

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United Kingdom coalition government 2010 to present

David Cameron formed the Cameron ministry after being invited by Queen Elizabeth II to begin a new government following the resignation of the previous Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Gordon Brown, on 11 May 2010. It is a coalition government, composed of members of both the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats. The government's Cabinet is made up of sixteen Conservatives and five Liberal Democrats with eight other Conservatives and one other Liberal Democrat attending cabinet but not members.[1] The Cameron Ministry is the first coalition government to have governed the United Kingdom since the Churchill War ministry of the Second World War.

History

The previous Parliament was dissolved on 12 April 2010 in advance of the general election on 6 May. The election resulted in a hung parliament, no single party having an overall majority in the House of Commons, the Conservatives having the most seats but 20 short of a majority.

In the Conservative – Liberal Democrat Coalition Agreement of 11 May 2010, the two parties formed a coalition government.[2][3] The new Parliament met on 18 May for the swearing-in of Peers in the House of Lords and newly elected and returning Members of Parliament in the House of Commons, and the election for the Speakership of the House of Commons. The Queen's Speech on 25 May listed the government's legislative agenda.

The Liberal Democrats have five Cabinet seats including Nick Clegg as Deputy Prime Minister though since the Cabinet and ministerial reshuffle, David Laws, who is a Minister of State is allowed to attend the Cabinet but is not a full member. If a Liberal Democrat minister resigns or is removed from office, another party member must be appointed to the Cabinet.[4] Each cabinet committee has a chair from one party and a deputy chair from the other; there is also a cabinet committee specifically overseeing the operation of the coalition. Both parties' ministers share collective responsibility for the government's positions, although the coalition agreement details several issues in which the parties agree to differ; the Liberal Democrats abstain from voting in such cases. Clegg, as Deputy Prime Minister, takes Prime Minister's Questions (PMQ) when Cameron is unavailable.[4]

While the government's frontbenchers sit together in the House of Commons and the two parties act as a bloc during PMQ,[5] the Liberal Democrat and Conservative backbenchers sit apart and have their own whips,[5] and the two parties still compete in by-elections.

On 4 September 2012, David Cameron reshuffled his cabinet for the first time.[6]

Cabinets

May 2010 – September 2012

Changes

  • David Laws resigned as Chief Secretary to the Treasury on 29 May 2010 because of an expenses irregularity dating to the previous Parliament. He was replaced by Danny Alexander, who was replaced as Secretary of State for Scotland by Michael Moore[7]
  • On 14 October 2011, Liam Fox resigned as Secretary of State for Defence, following the procurement of high-level overseas meetings attendance for his friend and advisor, Adam Werrity, working for a private contractor, and stated that he had "mistakenly allowed the distinction between my personal interest and my government activities to become blurred"[8] His successor was Philip Hammond who was replaced as Transport Secretary by Justine Greening, the Economic Secretary to the Treasury, who was replaced by Chloe Smith, an assistant government whip, who was replaced in turn by Greg Hands[8][9]
  • On 3 February 2012, Chris Huhne resigned as Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, following the decision of the Crown Prosecution Service to prosecute him and his former wife. His successor was Edward Davey who was replaced as a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State in the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills by Norman Lamb, replaced in his previous dual roles by Jenny Willott as an Assistant Whip and Jo Swinson as the Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Deputy Prime Minister[10]

September 2012 – Present

Changes

  • On 19 October 2012, Andrew Mitchell resigned as Government Chief Whip in the House of Commons following controversy surrounding an argument with police officers in Downing Street. He was replaced by Sir George Young.[11]
  • On 7 January 2013, Lord Strathclyde resigned as Leader of the House of Lords and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. He was replaced by Lord Hill of Oareford.[12]

List of Ministers

Prime Minister and Cabinet

Minister in the House of Commons Minister in the House of Lords
Conservative Liberal Democrat
Ministers in and attending Cabinet in bold
Prime Minister and Cabinet Office
Post Minister Term
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
First Lord of the Treasury
Minister for the Civil Service
The Rt Hon. David Cameron MP 2010–
Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Lord President of the Council
(with special responsibility for political and constitutional reform)
The Rt Hon. Nick Clegg MP 2010–
Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Prime Minister The Rt Hon. Desmond Swayne TD MP 2010–2012
Sam Gyimah MP 2012–
Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Deputy Prime Minister Norman Lamb MP 2010–2012
Jo Swinson MP 2012
Duncan Hames MP 2012–
Minister for the Cabinet Office
Paymaster General (attends Cabinet)
The Rt Hon. Francis Maude MP 2010–
Minister providing support to the Deputy PM in the Cabinet Office (also in Treasury) The Rt Hon. David Laws MP 2010
The Rt Hon. Danny Alexander MP 2010–2012
Minister providing support to the Deputy PM in the Cabinet Office (also in Education) The Rt Hon. David Laws MP 2012–
Minister of State for Government Policy
(providing policy advice to the PM; attends Cabinet)
The Rt Hon. Oliver Letwin MP 2010–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Civil Society The Hon. Nick Hurd MP 2010–
Parliamentary Secretary for the Cabinet Office Mark Harper MP 2010–2012
Chloe Smith MP 2012–2013
The Rt Hon. Dr. Greg Clark MP 2013–
Minister without Portfolio The Rt Hon. Kenneth Clarke QC MP 2012–
John Hayes MP 2013–
Minister without Portfolio (also Co-Chairman of the Conservative Party, a party-political position) (unpaid) The Rt Hon. The Baroness Warsi 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Grant Shapps MP 2012–

Departments of State

Business, Innovation and Skills
Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, President of the Board of Trade The Rt Hon. Dr Vince Cable MP 2010–
Minister of State for Universities and Science (attends Cabinet) The Rt Hon. David Willetts MP 2010–
Minister of State for Further Education, Skills and Lifelong Learning (jointly with Education) John Hayes MP 2010–2012
Matthew Hancock MP 2012–
Minister of State for Business and Enterprise Mark Prisk MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Michael Fallon MP 2012–
Minister of State for Decentralisation and Planning Policy (jointly with Local communities) The Rt Hon. Dr Greg Clark MP 2011–2012
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Employment Relations,
Consumer and Postal Affairs
The Rt Hon. Edward Davey MP 2010–2012
Norman Lamb MP 2012–2012
Jo Swinson MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Culture, Communications
and Creative Industries (jointly with Culture)
The Hon. Ed Vaizey MP 2010–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Intellectual property The Baroness Wilcox 2010–2012
The Lord Marland 2012–2013
The Viscount Leckie 2013–
Minister of State for Trade and Investment (jointly with Foreign Office) (unpaid) The Lord Green of Hurstpierpoint 2011–
Communities and Local Government
Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government The Rt Hon. Eric Pickles MP 2010–
Senior Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Minister for Faith and Community
The Rt Hon. Baroness Warsi 2012–
Minister of State for Decentralisation and Planning Policy (jointly with Business) The Rt Hon. Dr Greg Clark MP 2011–2012
Nick Boles MP 2012–
Minister of State for Housing and Local Government The Rt Hon. Grant Shapps MP 2011–2012
Mark Prisk MP 2012–2013
Kris Hopkins MP 2013–
Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State for Community Cohesion Andrew Stunell OBE MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Don Foster MP 2012–
Bob Neill MP 2010–2012
Brandon Lewis MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State The Baroness Hanham CBE 2010–
Culture, Media and Sport
Secretary of State for Culture, Olympics, Media and Sport The Rt Hon. Jeremy Hunt MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Maria Miller MP 2012–
Minister of State Major Hugh Robertson MP 2012–2013
Helen Grant MP 2013–
Minister for Tourism and Heritage John Penrose MP 2010–2012
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Sport and the Olympics Major Hugh Robertson MP 2010–2012
Helen Grant MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Culture, Communications
and Creative Industries (jointly with Business)
The Hon. Ed Vaizey MP 2010–
Defence
Post Minister Term
Secretary of State for Defence The Rt Hon. Dr Liam Fox MP 2010–2011
The Rt Hon. Philip Hammond MP 2011–
Minister of State for the Armed Forces Nick Harvey MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Major Andrew Robathan MP 2012–2013
Anna Soubry MP 2013–
Minister for International Security Strategy Gerald Howarth MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Mark Francois MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence Personnel,
Welfare and Veterans
The Rt Hon. Major Andrew Robathan MP 2010–2012
Surgeon Commander Dr. Andrew Murrison 2012–
Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology Peter Luff MP 2010–2012
Philip Dunne MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (also with Whips Office) The Lord Astor of Hever DL 2010–
Education
Secretary of State for Education The Rt Hon. Michael Gove MP 2010–
Minister of State for Children and Families Sarah Teather MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. David Laws MP 2012–
Minister of State for Schools Nick Gibb FCA MP 2010–2012
Edward Timpson MP 2012–
Minister of State for Apprenticeships (16–18) and Careers Advice (jointly with Business) John Hayes MP 2010–2012
Matthew Hancock MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State Tim Loughton MP 2010–2012
Elizabeth Truss MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State The Lord Hill of Oareford CBE 2010–2013
The Lord Nash 2013–
Energy and Climate Change
Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change The Rt Hon. Chris Huhne MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Edward Davey MP 2012–
Minister of State for Climate Change The Rt. Hon. Gregory Barker MP 2010–
Minister of State for Energy and Climate Change Charles Hendry MP 2010–2012
John Henry Hayes MP 2012–2013
The Rt Hon. Michael Fallon MP 2013–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State The Lord Marland 2010–2012
The Baroness Verma 2012-
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs The Rt Hon. Caroline Spelman MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Owen Paterson MP 2012–
Minister of State for Agriculture and Food The Rt Hon. James Paice MP 2010–2012
David Heath CBE MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Natural Environment
and Fisheries
Richard Benyon MRICS MP 2010–2013
George Eustice MP 2013–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State The Lord Henley 2010–2011
The Lord Taylor of Holbeach CBE 2011–2012
Lieutenant Colonel The Lord de Mauley TD FCA 2012–
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
First Secretary of State
The Rt Hon. William Hague MP 2010–
Senior Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Minister for Faith and Community
The Rt Hon. Baroness Warsi 2012–
Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Jeremy Browne MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Hugo Swire MP 2012–
Minister of State (Europe and NATO) The Rt Hon. David Lidington MP 2010–
Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State Henry Bellingham MP 2010–2012
Mark Simmonds MP 2012–
Alistair Burt MP 2010–2013
Major Hugh Robertson MP 2013–
Minister of State (unpaid) The Rt Hon. The Lord Howell of Guildford 2010–2012
Minister of State for Trade and Investment (jointly with Business) (unpaid) The Lord Green of Hurstpierpoint 2011–
Government Equalities Office
Minister for Women and Equalities The Rt Hon. Theresa May MP (also Secretary of State for the Home Department) 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Maria Miller MP (also Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport) 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Equalities Lynne Featherstone MP 2010–2012
Helen Grant MP 2012–
Health
Secretary of State for Health The Rt Hon. Andrew Lansley CBE MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Jeremy Hunt MP 2012–
Minister of State for Health Services The Rt Hon. Simon Burns MP 2010–2012
Dr. Daniel Poulter MP 2012–
Minister of State for Care Services Paul Burstow MP 2010–2012
Norman Lamb MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Public Health Anne Milton MP 2010–2012
Anna Soubry MP 2012–2013
Jane Ellison MP 2013–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Quality The Earl Howe 2010–
Home Office
Secretary of State for the Home Department The Rt Hon. Theresa May MP 2010–
Minister of State for the Home Office Jeremy Browne MP 2012–2013
Norman Baker MP 2013–
Minister of State for Immigration Damian Green MP 2010–2012
Mark Harper MP 2012–
Minister of State for Police and Criminal Justice (jointly with Justice) The Rt Hon. Nick Herbert MP 2010–2012
Damian Green MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Equalities Lynne Featherstone MP 2010–2012
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Crime Reduction James Brokenshire MP 2010–2011
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Crime and Security 2011–
Minister of State for Security and Counter-Terrorism The Rt Hon. The Baroness Neville-Jones DCMG 2010–2011
Minister of State for Crime Prevention and Antisocial Behaviour Reduction The Rt Hon. The Baroness Browning 2011
The Rt Hon. The Lord Henley 2011–2012
The Lord Taylor of Holbeach CBE 2012–
International Development
Secretary of State for International Development The Rt Hon. Andrew Mitchell MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Justine Greening MP 2012–
Minister of State The Rt Hon. Alan Duncan MP 2010–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State Stephen O'Brien MP 2010–2012
Lynne Featherstone MP 2012–
Justice
Lord Chancellor
Secretary of State for Justice
The Rt Hon. Ken Clarke QC MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Chris Grayling MP 2012–
Minister of State for Police and Criminal Justice (jointly with Home Office) The Rt Hon. Nick Herbert MP 2010–2012
Damian Green MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Legal Aid and Legal Services Jonathan Djanogly MP 2010–2012
Jeremy Wright MP 2012–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Prisons and Youth Justice Captain Crispin Blunt MP 2010–2012
Helen Grant MP 2012–2013
Shailesh Vara MP 2013–
Minister of State (also Deputy Leader of the Lords) The Rt Hon. The Lord McNally 2010–
Northern Ireland
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland The Rt Hon. Owen Paterson MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Theresa Villiers MP 2012–
Minister of State for Northern Ireland The Rt Hon. Hugo Swire MP 2010–2012
Mike Penning MP 2012–2013
The Rt Hon. Major Andrew Robathan MP 2013–
Scotland
Secretary of State for Scotland The Rt Hon. Danny Alexander MP 2010
The Rt Hon. Michael Moore MP 2010–2013
The Rt Hon. Alistair Carmichael MP 2013–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State The Rt Hon. David Mundell MP 2010–
Transport
Secretary of State for Transport The Rt Hon. Philip Hammond MP 2010–2011
The Rt Hon. Justine Greening MP 2011–2012
The Rt Hon. Patrick McLoughlin MP 2012–
Minister of State for Transport The Rt Hon. Theresa Villiers MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Simon Burns MP 2012–2013
The Rt Hon. The Baroness Kramer 2013–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Regional and Local Transport Norman Baker MP 2010–2013
Robert Goodwill MP 2013–
Parliamentary Undersecretary of State for Roads and Motoring Mike Penning MP 2010–2012
Stephen Hammond MP 2012–
Treasury
Chancellor of the Exchequer The Rt Hon. George Osborne MP 2010–
Chief Secretary to the Treasury (also in Cabinet Office) The Rt Hon. David Laws MP 2010
The Rt Hon. Danny Alexander MP 2010–
Financial Secretary to the Treasury Mark Hoban MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Dr. Greg Clark MP 2012–2013
Sajid Javid MP 2013–
Economic Secretary to the Treasury The Rt Hon. Justine Greening MP 2010–2011
Chloe Smith MP 2011–2012
Sajid Javid MP 2012–2013
Nicky Morgan MP 2013–
Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury David Gauke MP 2010–
Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (unpaid) The Lord Sassoon 2010–2013
The Lord Deighton KBE 2013–
Wales
Secretary of State for Wales The Rt Hon. Cheryl Gillan MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. David Jones MP 2012–
Parliamentary under Secretary of State for Wales The Rt Hon. David Jones MP 2010–2012
Stephen Crabb MP (Jointly as paid Lord Commissioner of the Treasury) 2012–
Parliamentary under Secretary of State for Wales The Rt Hon. The Baroness Randerson 2012–
Work and Pensions
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions The Rt Hon. Iain Duncan Smith MP 2010–
Minister of State for Work and Pensions The Rt Hon. Chris Grayling MP 2010–2012
Mark Hoban MP 2012–2013
Esther McVey MP 2013–
Minister of State for Pensions Steve Webb MP 2010–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Work and Pensions The Rt Hon. Maria Miller MP 2010–2012
Esther McVey MP 2012–2013
Mike Penning MP 2013–
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Welfare Reform (unpaid) The Lord Freud 2010–

Law officers

Attorney General's Office
Attorney General (attends Cabinet when responsibilities are on the agenda)
Advocate General for Northern Ireland
The Rt Hon. Dominic Grieve QC MP 2010–
Solicitor General Edward Garnier QC MP 2010–2012
Oliver Heald MP 2012–
Office of the Advocate General for Scotland
Advocate General for Scotland The Rt Hon. The Lord Wallace of Tankerness QC 2010–

Parliament

House Leaders
Leader of the House of Commons
Lord Privy Seal (attends Cabinet)
The Rt Hon. Sir George Young Bt MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Andrew Lansley CBE MP 2012–
Deputy Leader of the House of Commons David Heath CBE MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Tom Brake MP 2012–
Leader of the House of Lords
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
The Rt Hon. The Lord Strathclyde 2010–2013
The Lord Hill of Oareford CBE 2013–
Deputy Leader of the House of Lords (also with Justice) The Rt Hon. The Lord McNally 2010–
Whips
Government Chief Whip (attends Cabinet)
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
The Rt Hon. Patrick McLoughlin MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Andrew Mitchell MP 2012
The Rt Hon. Sir George Young Bt CH MP 2012–
Deputy Chief Whip
Treasurer of the Household
The Rt Hon. John Randall MP 2010-2013
Greg Hands MP 2013–
Deputy Chief Whip
Comptroller of the Household
Liberal Democrat Chief Whip
The Rt Hon. Alistair Carmichael MP 2010–2013
Don Foster MP 2013–
Whip
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
The Rt Hon. Mark Francois MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Greg Knight MP 2012-2013
The Rt Hon. Major Desmond Swayne MP 2013–
Whips
Lords of the Treasury
Michael Fabricant MP 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. Major Desmond Swayne 2012-2013
Sam Gyimah 2013–
Angela Watkinson MP 2010–2012
Anne Milton MP 2012–
Jeremy Wright MP 2010–2012
Lieutenant Colonel Mark Lancaster TD MP 2012–
Brooks Newmark MP (unpaid) 2010–2012
David Evenett MP 2012–
James Duddridge MP 2010–2012
Robert Goodwill MP 2012-2013
Karen Bradley 2013–
Stephen Crabb MP (Jointly as unpaid Under-Secretary of State for Wales) 2012–
Assistant Whips Philip Dunne MP (unpaid) 2010–2012
Karen Bradley MP 2012–
Stephen Crabb MP 2010–2012
Jo Johnson MP 2012–
Robert Goodwill MP 2010–2012
Nicky Morgan MP 2012–2013
Shailesh Vara MP 2010–2012
Robert Syms MP 2012–2013
Bill Wiggin MP 2010–2012
Chloe Smith MP 2010–2011
Greg Hands MP 2011–
Mark Hunter MP 2010–
Norman Lamb MP (jointly with Deputy PM's office) 2010–2012
Jenny Willott MP 2012–
Chief Whip
Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms
The Rt Hon. The Baroness Anelay of St Johns DBE 2010–
Deputy Chief Whip
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
The Rt Hon. The Lord Shutt of Greetland 2010–2012
The Rt Hon. The Lord Newby 2012–
Whips
Lords and Baronesses in Waiting
The Earl Attlee 2010–
The Lord Astor of Hever DL (also with Defence) 2010–2012
The Viscount Younger 2012–
The Lord de Mauley TD 2010–
The Baroness Northover (unpaid) 2010–
The Baroness Rawlings 2010–2012
The Baroness Stowell of Beeston MBE 2011–
The Lord Taylor of Holbeach CBE (unpaid) 2010–2011
The Baroness Verma 2010–
The Lord Wallace of Saltaire (unpaid) 2010–
The Baroness Garden (unpaid) 2012–

See also

British politics portal

References

Further reading

External links

  • Cameron's government: A guide to who's who, BBC News, 14 May 2010
  • Election 2010: the new cabinet guardian.co.uk, 12 May 2010, interactive guide
Government offices
Preceded by
Brown ministry
Government of the United Kingdom
2010–present
Incumbent

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