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Svealand

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Title: Svealand  
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Subject: Provinces of Sweden, Swedes (Germanic tribe), Lands of Sweden, Scandinavian prehistory, Dalarna
Collection: Lands of Sweden, Svealand
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Svealand

Svealand (   ), Swealand or (rarely or historically) Sweden proper[1] is the historical core region of Sweden. It is located in south central Sweden and is one of three lands of Sweden, bounded to the north by Norrland and to the south by Götaland. Deep forests, Tiveden, Tylöskog, and Kolmården, separated Svealand from Götaland. Historically, its inhabitants were called Svear, from which is derived the English Swedes.

Svealand consists of the capital region Mälardalen in the east, Roslagen in the north-east, the former mining district Bergslagen in the center, and Dalarna and Värmland in the west.

The older name of Sweden in Swedish, Svea rike (modern spelling: Sverige) or the "Realm of the Swedes", "Swea Region", originally only referred to Svealand. Other forms are Sweoðeod (Old Norse/Icelandic Svíþjóð), and Sweorice. As the domains of the Swedish kings grew, the name Svealand began to be used to separate the original territory from the new.

Contents

  • Provinces 1
  • Counties 2
  • History 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Provinces

Svealand is made up of the following six provinces:

Stockholm, the Swedish capital, is located in both Uppland and Södermanland, and a border stone can be found in the street Västerlånggatan in Stockholm Old Town (Gamla stan).

Counties

Svealand. Värmland was counted to Götaland until the 19th century, which is indicated on the map by a darker shade.

Administratively, nowadays Sweden is not divided into provinces but into counties (see Län). Although Svealand is defined in terms of the historical provinces and not the counties, it roughly comprises the modern counties of Dalarna, Örebro, Södermanland, Stockholm, Uppsala, Värmland and Västmanland.

History

Svealand was the original Sweden, to which it gave its name. This is supported by linguistics and is based on early medieval sources, such as the sagas. In Old Norse and in Old English, Svealand and Sweden are synonymous, and described as a separate country from Götaland/Gautland/Geatland.

  • In Sögubrot af Nokkrum[2] for instance, Kolmården between Svealand and Östergötland is described as the border between Sweden and Östergötland (...Kolmerkr, er skilr Svíþjóð ok Eystra-Gautland...).
  • In Hervarar saga,[3] king Ingold I rides to Sweden through Östergötland: Ingi konungr fór með hirð sína ok sveit nokkura ok hafði lítinn her. Hann reið austr um Smáland ok í eystra Gautland ok svá í Svíþjóð.
  • Sweoland is mentioned in the travels of Ohthere of Hålogaland around 890.
  • The lord Bo Jonsson Grip was probably the one who was best acquainted with the geography of the Swedish kingdom since he owned more than half of it. In 1384, he stated in his will that the kingdom consisted of Swerige (Sweden, i.e. Svealand), Österland (i.e. Finland) and Göthaland (i.e. Götaland).
  • The 15th-century Swedish version of the Þiðrekssaga says that Vilkinaland was formerly a name for Sweden (Swerige) and Götaland: wilcina land som nw är kalladh swerige oc götaland.

A campaign to the east started by the kings of Svealand during the 12th century eventually conquered the provinces of Österland, an older name for Finland.

In the early Middle Ages the modern province of Gästrikland was part of Tiundaland, one of the three constituent parts of the modern province of Uppland, and therefore counted as a part of Svealand.

For a time in the early 19th century, the province of Värmland belonged to the Court of Appeal for Svealand. Even though Värmland historically belonged to Götaland (from 1815 until a new court, Hovrätten för Västra Sverige, was instituted), it has by custom long been considered part of Svealand.

See also

References

  1. ^ "No document found". Perseus.tufts.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  2. ^ "Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum í Dana ok Svíaveldi". Snerpa.is. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  3. ^ "Hervarar saga og Heiđreks". Snerpa.is. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 

External links

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