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Prime Minister of Myanmar

 

Prime Minister of Myanmar

Prime Minister of Myanmar
Thein Sein
Formation 4 January 1948
First holder U Nu
Final holder Thein Sein
Abolished 30 March 2011
Succession None
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Myanmar

The Prime Minister of Myanmar was the head of government of Myanmar (also known as Burma) from 1948 to 2011.

Contents

  • History of the office 1
  • List of Prime Ministers of Burma/Myanmar (1948–2011) 2
    • Union of Burma (1948–1974) 2.1
    • Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (1974–1988) 2.2
    • Union of Burma/Myanmar (1988–2011) 2.3
  • See also 3
  • Footnotes 4
  • External links 5

History of the office

The position of Prime Minister was created in 1948, when Burma gained independence from the United Kingdom. Since then, eleven people have held the office (with two of them doing so on multiple occasions). Due to the country's long period of military rule, it has not been uncommon for the Prime Minister to be a serving (or recently retired) military officer.

The actual power of the Prime Minister has considerably varied over time, differing based on who holds the office. In 2004, a power struggle between the then head of state, Senior General Than Shwe, Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council, and his Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt resulted in the Prime Minister being dismissed and arrested.

The position was abolished on 30 March 2011, according to the current Constitution (adopted in 2008). It provided that the President is both the head of state and head of government.

List of Prime Ministers of Burma/Myanmar (1948–2011)

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Union of Burma (1948–1974)

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Duration
1 U Nu
(1907–1995)
4 January 1948 12 June 1956[1] 8 years, 160 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
2 Ba Swe
(1915–1987)
12 June 1956 1 March 1957 262 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
(1) U Nu
(1907–1995)
1 March 1957 29 October 1958[2] 1 year, 242 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
3 Ne Win
(1911–2002)
29 October 1958 4 April 1960[3] 1 year, 158 days Military
(1) U Nu
(1907–1995)
4 April 1960 2 March 1962[4] 1 year, 332 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
(3) Ne Win
(1911–2002)
2 March 1962 4 March 1974 12 years, 2 days Military /
Burma Socialist Programme Party

Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (1974–1988)

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Duration
4 Sein Win
(1919–1993)
4 March 1974 29 March 1977[5] 3 years, 25 days Military /
Burma Socialist Programme Party
5 Maung Maung Kha
(1920–1995)
29 March 1977 26 July 1988[6] 11 years, 119 days Military /
Burma Socialist Programme Party
6 Tun Tin
(1920–)
26 July 1988 18 September 1988[7] 54 days Military /
Burma Socialist Programme Party

Union of Burma/Myanmar (1988–2011)

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Duration
7 Saw Maung
(1928–1997)
21 September 1988 23 April 1992[8] 3 years, 215 days Military
8 Than Shwe
(1933–)
23 April 1992 25 August 2003 11 years, 124 days Military
9 Khin Nyunt
(1939–)
25 August 2003 18 October 2004[9] 1 year, 54 days Military
10 Soe Win
(1947–2007)
19 October 2004 12 October 2007[10] 2 years, 358 days Military
Thein Sein
(1945–)
12 October 2007 30 March 2011 3 years, 169 days Military
(until 2010)
Union Solidarity and Development Party
(from 2010)
11

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Resigned after the 1956 general election
  2. ^ Handed over power to the military
  3. ^ Handed back power to the civilian government after the 1960 general election
  4. ^ Deposed in the 1962 coup d'état
  5. ^ Removed from office due to the economic problems of the country
  6. ^ Resigned during the 8888 Uprising
  7. ^ Deposed in a coup d'état during the 8888 Uprising
  8. ^ Removed from office due to ill health
  9. ^ Removed from office and placed under house arrest
  10. ^ Died in office

External links

  • World Statesmen - Myanmar (Burma)
  • Thein Sein sworn in as Burma’s president
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