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Paparazzi

 

Paparazzi

Statue of a paparazzo in Bratislava, Slovakia.
Paparazzi style photography.
Mickey Hargitay pounds the "king of paparazzi" Rino Barillari while a woman smacks him with her purse – Via Veneto 1963.
Robbie Williams of the band Take That poses to a paparazzi photographer in London in 2000.

Paparazzi (US , UK ; Italian: ; singular: masculine paparazzo or feminine paparazza ) are independent photographers who take pictures of athletes, entertainers, politicians, and other celebrities, typically while going about their usual life routines.

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Etymology 2
    • In other languages 2.1
  • Legality 3
    • Injunctions 3.1
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Description

Paparazzi tend to be Britney and her baby," Bouzad claimed, "I'll be able to buy a house in those hills (above Sunset Boulevard)."[19] Paparazzi author Peter Howe told Time that "celebrities need a higher level of exposure than the rest of us so it is a two-way street. The celebrities manipulate."

In 2006, Daniella Cicarelli went through a scandal when a paparazzo caught video footage of her having sex with her boyfriend on a beach in Spain, which was posted on YouTube. After fighting in the court, it was decided in her favor, causing YouTube to be blocked in Brazil. This caused major havoc among Brazilians, including threatening a boycott against MTV Brazil unless Cicarelli was fired from that company. The block only lasted a few days, and Cicarelli was not dismissed. The legal action backfired as the court decided she had no expectation of privacy by having sex in a public location.

The E! network program Celebrities Uncensored used often-confrontational footage of celebrities made by paparazzi.

Following the publication of photographs showing the Duchess of Cambridge sunbathing whilst topless at her husband's cousin's (Viscount Linley's) holiday home in France, it was announced on September 14, 2012 that the Royal couple were to launch legal action against the French magazine Closer. It was the first time that a senior royal has sued in a court outside the UK. The reason cited for the legal action is that the Duchess had a right of privacy whilst at the home – the magazine responded that the pictures had been taken from the public highway. The injunction was granted September 18, 2012 and the publishers of the magazine were ordered not to publish the photographs in France and not to sell the images. The publishers were also ordered to hand over the original material of the published pictures under threat of a €10,000 fine for every day delay in doing so.[20]

In the United Kingdom, Sienna Miller, Amy Winehouse and Lily Allen won injunctions that prevent the paparazzi from following them and gathering outside their houses. Miller was awarded £53,000.[21]

In 2013, rapper Kanye West, facing assault charges for attacking a photojournalist, said he would fight to get the law changed so celebrities can profit from the paparazzi's work.[22][23]

References

  1. ^ "Is Everyone a Journalist?". American Journalism Review. October 1997.
  2. ^ "Why paparazzi are wrong". CNN Entainment. 13 Mar 2006. Retrieved 2012-08-02. 
  3. ^ "The Press: The Paparazzi on the Prowl", Time. April 14, 1961. accessed October 5, 2009.
  4. ^ Paparazzo in Treccani.it (Italian)
  5. ^ "Word origins- paparazzi". Word Origins.org. Retrieved 27 Jun 2013. 
  6. ^ Pierre Coustillas, «Gissing and the Paparazzi». In : Francesco Badolato, George Gissing, romanziere del tardo periodo vittoriano; postfazione di Andrea Sciffo, Soveria Mannelli : Rubbettino Editore, 2005, ISBN 88-498-1193-4, pp. 256-266 (on-line)
  7. ^ Word Origins and History paparazzi
  8. ^ Ellen M. Corbett. "AB 2479 Bill Analysis.". Retrieved 2014-09-30. 
  9. ^ "SB 465 Summary.". Retrieved 2014-09-30. 
  10. ^ Danna Harman. "How Princess Diana changed the way paparazzi pursue Kate Middleton.". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2014-09-30. 
  11. ^ Angela Doland. "French paparazzi laws favor celebrities; Jolie, Pitt latest couple to benefit.". Seattle Times. Retrieved 2014-09-30. 
  12. ^ Lowry Brian. "Taking a shot at paparazzi.". Western Libraries. Retrieved 2013-09-30. (registration required (help)). 
  13. ^ Mcgreevy, Patrick (2013-09-24). "Gov. Brown signs bills aimed at paparazzi, family leave and quakes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  14. ^ Allen, Peter (August 29, 2014). "Policeman who spoke to dying Princess Diana blasts 'DIY' security who failed to stop crash". express.co.uk. Northern and Shell Media Publications. Retrieved November 11, 2014. 
  15. ^ "1997: Princess Diana dies in Paris crash". BBC. Retrieved November 11, 2014. 
  16. ^ http://www.scottbaker_inquests.gov.uk/evidence/docs/inquisition_diana.pdf It should also be noted that paparazzi still chased the car even after it crashed, continuing to take pictures. Jury Verdict-Inquisition Forms Princess Diana of Wales and Emad El-Din Mohamed Abdel Moneim Al Fayed Coroner's Inquests into the Death of Diana, Princess of Wales and Mr. Dodi Al Fayed H. M. Coroner
  17. ^ "worldlii.org". WorldLII – Wong Yeung Ng v. Secretary for Justice [1999] ICHRL 12 (9 February 1999). Retrieved 2006-08-20. 
  18. ^ "uow.edu.au" (PDF). Scandalising the Scumbags: the Secretary for Justice vs the Oriental Press Group. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-18. Retrieved 2006-08-20. 
  19. ^ "Shooting Stars".  
  20. ^ mrpaparazzi.com Archived February 16, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Have celebrities finally snapped?". The Guardian. May 4, 2009. 
  22. ^ Kanye West demands money from paparazzi. 3 News NZ. 25 September 2013.
  23. ^ Kanye West: "The paparazzi should pay ME". The Mirror. 24 September 2013.

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of paparazza at Wiktionary

In 1999, the Oriental Daily News of Hong Kong was found guilty of "scandalizing the court", an extremely rare criminal charge that the newspaper's conduct would undermine confidence in the administration of justice.[17] The charge was brought after the newspaper had published abusive articles challenging the judiciary's integrity and accusing it of bias in a lawsuit the paper had instigated over a photo of a pregnant Faye Wong. The paper had also arranged for a "dog team" (slang for paparazzi in the Chinese language) to track a judge for 72 hours, to provide the judge with first-hand experience with what paparazzi do.[18]

In 1997, Diana, Princess of Wales and Dodi Fayed were killed in a limousine crash as their driver was speeding, trying to get away from paparazzi.[14][15] An inquest jury investigated the involvement of paparazzi in the incident, and although several paparazzi were briefly taken into custody, no one was convicted. The official inquests into the accident attributed the causes to the speed and manner of driving of the Mercedes, as well as the following vehicles, and the impairment of the judgment of the Mercedes driver, Henri Paul, through alcohol.[16]

In 1972, paparazzo photographer Ron Galella sued Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis after the former First Lady ordered her Secret Service agents to destroy Galella's camera and film following an encounter in New York City's Central Park. Kennedy counter-sued claiming harassment. The trial lasted three weeks and became a groundbreaking case regarding photojournalism and the role of paparazzi. In "Galella v. Onassis", Kennedy obtained a restraining order to keep Galella 150 feet away from her and her children. The restriction later was dropped to 25 feet. The trial is a focal point in Smash His Camera, a 2010 documentary film by director Leon Gast.

A group of photojournalists often known as paparazzi

Injunctions

To protect the children of celebrities, California passed a new bill in September 2013. The purpose of the new bill is to stop paparazzi from taking pictures of children in a harassing manner, regardless of who their parents are. This new law increased the penalty on harassment and the penalty for harassment of children.[13]

Due to the reputation of paparazzi as a nuisance, some states and countries restrict their activities by passing laws and First Amendment.[12]

Legality

A transliteration of "paparazzi" is used in several languages that do not use the Latin alphabet, including Japanese, Korean, Russian, Thai and Hebrew. Chinese uses "狗仔隊", meaning "puppy squad". Khmer uses "អ្នកប្រមាញ់រូប" (anak bramanh roub).

In other languages

By the late 1960s, the word, usually in the Italian plural form paparazzi, had entered English as a generic term for intrusive photographers.[7] A person who has been photographed by the paparazzi is said to have been "papped".

[6] (1957), a translation by Italian poet Sulla riva dello Jonio Further, in an interview with Fellini's screenwriter Flaiano, he said the name came from the book

The word "paparazzi" is an eponym originating in the 1960 film La Dolce Vita directed by Federico Fellini. One of the characters in the film is a news photographer named Paparazzo (played by Walter Santesso). In his book Word and Phrase, Robert Hendrickson writes that Fellini took the name from an Italian dialect word that describes a particularly annoying noise, that of a buzzing mosquito. As Fellini said in his interview to Time magazine, "Paparazzo ... suggests to me a buzzing insect, hovering, darting, stinging."[3] Those versions of the word's origin are confirmed by Treccani,[4] the most authoritative Italian encyclopaedia, but sometimes contested. For example, in the Abruzzi dialect spoken by Ennio Flaiano, co-scriptwriter of La Dolce Vita, the term "paparazzo" refers to the local clam (Venerupis decussata), and is also used as a metaphor for the shutter of a camera lens.[5]

Etymology

against paparazzi has increased, as have lawsuits with judgments against them. restraining orders The filing and receiving of judicial support for [2] have expressed concern at the extent to which paparazzi go to invade their personal space.celebrities. Some public figures and minor children, and anti-stalking bills in many countries address the issue by reducing harassment of public figures and celebrities, especially with their stalking Some experts have described the behavior of paparazzi as synonymous with [1]

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