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Paauhau, Hawaii

Paauhau, Hawaii
Unincorporated community
Paauhau, Hawaii is located in Hawaii
Paauhau, Hawaii
Paauhau, Hawaii
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Hawaii
Elevation 420 ft (130 m)
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian (UTC-10)
Area code(s) 808
GNIS feature ID 362920[1]

Paauhau is an unincorporated community on the island of Hawaiʻi in Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States. Paauhau is located near the north coast of the island, 2 miles (3.2 km) east-northeast of Honokaʻa.

History

The ancient Hawaiian village in the area was Pāʻauhau, which means "tribute enclosure" in the Hawaiian language.[2][3]

In 1878 Rufus Anderson Lyman and his family moved to the Hāmākua district and opened a sugarcane plantation. His business partners were Samuel Parker, William G. Irwin, and Claus Spreckels. It was headquartered at coordinates , on a cliff about 300 feet (100m) above the ocean. Fields reached up the slopes of Mauna Kea, with an innovative transportation system. After the cane was loaded onto a rail car, the full car rolled down to the edge of the cliff by gravity, and pulled an empty car uphill on a parallel track. A small railroad then transported the cane to the mill, along what is now called "Lower Cane Haul Road". It became one of the first fully irrigated plantations in 1911.[4] A small town for worker housing grew up above the mill.[3] Lyman opened the first post office in Hāmākua and served as its postmaster.[5] The company was sold to Honokaʻa Sugar Company in 1972, and it shut down in 1994.

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Paauhau, Hawaii
  2. ^  
  3. ^ a b Lloyd J. Soehren (2010). "Paauhau"lookup of . in Hawaiian Place Names. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library. Retrieved November 5, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Paauhau Sugar Plantation Company History". Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association Plantation Archives.  
  5. ^ "Paauhau, Hamakua District", Island of Hawaii Postmarks, Part 4, Post office in Paradise, retrieved November 5, 2010 


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