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Koyna Dam

Koyna Dam
कोयना धरण
Koyna Dam is located in Maharashtra
Location of Koyna Dam in Maharashtra
Official name Koyna Dam D05104
Location Koyna Nagar, Maharashtra
India
Coordinates
Construction began 1956
Opening date 1964[1]
Owner(s) Government of Maharashtra
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Rubble-concrete dam
Impounds Koyna River
Height 103.2 m (339 ft)
Length 807.2 m (2,648 ft)
Reservoir
Creates Shivajisagar Lake
Total capacity 2,797,400,000 m3 (2,267,900 acre·ft)
Surface area 891.78 km2 (344 sq mi)
Power station
Turbines Koyna dam foot powerhouse: 2 x 20 MW
stage 1: 4 x 70 MW
stage 2: 4 x 75 MW
stage 3: 4 x 80 MW
stage 4: 4 x 250 MW
Total = 18 Francis turbines
Installed capacity 1,960 MW
Official website

The Koyna Dam is one of the largest dams in Maharashtra, India. It is a rubble-concrete dam constructed on Koyna River which rises in Mahabaleshwar, a hillstation in Sahyadri ranges. It is located in Koyna Nagar, Satara district, nestled in the Western Ghats on the state highway between Chiplun and Karad.

The main purpose of dam is hydroelectricity with some irrigation in neighboring areas. Today the Koyna Hydroelectric Project is the largest completed hydroelectric power plant in India[2] having a total installed capacity of 1,920 MW. Due to its electricity generating potential Koyna river is considered as the 'life line of Maharashtra'.[3]

The spillway of the dam is located at the center. It has 6 radial gates. The dam plays a vital role of flood controlling in monsoon season.

The catchment area dams the Koyna river and forms the Shivasagar Lake which is approximately 50 km (31 mi) in length. It is one of the largest civil engineering projects commissioned after Indian independence. The Koyna hydro-electric project is run by the Maharashtra State Electricity Board.

The dam has withstood many earthquakes in the recent past, including the devastating 1967 Koynanagar earthquake, resulting in the dam developing some cracks. After the disaster grouting of the cracks was done. Also internal holes were drilled to relieve the hydrostatic pressures in the body of the dam. Indian scientific establishment has formulated an ambitious project to drill a deep borehole in the region and intensely study the earthquake activity. This would help in better understanding and possible forecast of earthquakes. The proposal is to drill up to 7 km and study the physical, geological and chemical processes and properties of the reservoir triggered earthquake zone in real time. It would be an international project to be led by Indian scientists.[4]

In 1973 the non-overflow portion of the dam was strengthened, followed by strengthening the spillway section in 2006. Now the dam is expected to be safe against any future earthquake even of more intensity than that of 1967.

The Koyna Dam in Maharashtra

See also

References

  1. ^ "Koyna D05104". Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Electricity in India - Sources, Generation, Usage of Power in india". india-reports.com. 
  3. ^ "Koyna Sanctuary Plundered". downtoearth.org.in. January 31, 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Major project to study earthquake activity at Koyna". thehindubusinessline.com. 

External links

  • Official website
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