World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Freeborn

Article Id: WHEBN0001683931
Reproduction Date:

Title: Freeborn  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: John Lilburne, Clay-Ashland, José Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco, Slavery, Vassal
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Freeborn

"Freeborn" is a term associated with political agitator John Lilburne (1614–1657), a member of the Levellers, a 17th-century English political party. As a word, "freeborn" means to be born free, rather than to be born in slavery or bondage or vassalage. Lilburne argued for basic human rights that he termed "freeborn rights", which he defined as being rights that every human being is born with, as opposed to rights bestowed by government or by human law.[1] John Lilburne's concept of freeborn rights, and the writings of Richard Overton another Leveller, may have influenced the concept of unalienable rights,[2] (Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.) mentioned in the United States Declaration of Independence.[3]

Other historians, according to Edward Ashbee, consider that it was not the tradition of "Freeborn Englishmen", as espoused by Lilburne, Overton, John Milton and John Locke, that was the major influence on the concept of unalienable rights in the United States Declaration of Independence, but rather "an attempt to recreate 'civic republicanism' established in classical Greece and Rome".[4]

Notes

  1. ^ Heater 2006, p. 34.
  2. ^ Heater 2006, p. 34 cites Andrew Sharp 1983, p. 177
  3. ^ Harrison & Boyd 2003, p. 197.
  4. ^ Ashbee & Ashford 1999, pp. 34,35.

References

  • Ashbee, Edward; Ashford, Nigel (1999). US politics today (4, illustrated ed.). Manchester University Press ND,.  
  • Harrison, Kevin; Boyd, Tony (2003). Understanding political ideas and movements: a guide for A2 politics students (illustrated ed.). Manchester University Press. pp. 197.  
  • Heater, Derek Benjamin (2006). Citizenship in Britain: a history. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 33,34.  

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.