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60th Parallel North

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Title: 60th Parallel North  
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Subject: Extreme points of Canadian provinces, Geography of Saskatchewan, 102nd meridian west, Provinces and territories of Canada, 59th parallel north
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60th Parallel North

Line across the Earth
60°
60th parallel north

The 60th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 60 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

Although it lies approximately twice as far away from the Equator as from the North Pole, the 60th parallel is half as long as the Equator line. This is where the Earth bulges halfway as much as on the Equator.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 18 hours, 52 minutes during the summer solstice and 5 hours, 52 minutes during the winter solstice.[1] On 21 June, the maximum altitude of the sun is 53.83 degrees and 6.17 degrees on 21 December.

Around the world

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 60° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
North Sea
 Norway Islands of Møkster, Selbjørn, Huftarøy, Reksteren and Tysnesøy, and the mainland
Passing just north of Oslo
 Sweden Passing through Fagersta
Passing just north of Uppsala
Baltic Sea
 Åland Islands
Baltic Sea
 Finland
Baltic Sea Passing just south of Helsinki,  Finland
 Finland Porkkala peninsula
Baltic Sea Gulf of Finland - passing just south of the island of Gogland,  Russia
 Russia Island of Moshchnyy
Baltic Sea Gulf of Finland
 Russia Island of Kotlin (city of Kronstadt)
Baltic Sea Gulf of Finland
 Russia Passing through Saint Petersburg
Passing through Lake Ladoga
Sea of Okhotsk Shelikhov Gulf
 Russia Kamchatka Peninsula
Bering Sea
 Russia
Bering Sea Olyutorsky Gulf
 Russia
Bering Sea
 United States Alaska - Nunivak Island
Etolin Strait
 United States Alaska
Cook Inlet
 United States Alaska - Kenai Peninsula, Evans Island, Elrington Island, Latouche Island and Montague Island
Pacific Ocean Gulf of Alaska
 United States Alaska - Wingham Island, Kayak Island and a small section of mainland
Pacific Ocean Gulf of Alaska
 United States Alaska
 Canada Yukon / British Columbia border
Northwest Territories / British Columbia border
Northwest Territories / Alberta border
Northwest Territories / Saskatchewan border
Northwest Territories / Manitoba border - for about 400m
Nunavut / Manitoba border
Hudson Bay Passing just north of the Ottawa Islands, Nunavut,  Canada
 Canada Quebec
Ungava Bay
 Canada Quebec
Newfoundland and Labrador
Atlantic Ocean Border between the Davis Strait (to the north) and the Labrador Sea (to the south)[2]
 Greenland
Atlantic Ocean
 United Kingdom Scotland - Islands of Mainland and Mousa, Shetland Islands
North Sea

Canada

The 60th parallel north in Canada, marking the southern borders of Yukon, Northwest Territories, and the Nunavut mainland.

In Canada, the 60th parallel constitutes the mainland boundary between the northern territories of Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut to the north, and the western provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba to the south.

Accordingly, "north of 60" is an expression often used for the territories, although parts of Nunavut (the islands in Hudson Bay and James Bay) are located south of the 60th parallel, and parts of Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador are located north, to the east of Hudson Bay. A 1990s TV show on CBC about life in the Northwest Territories was called North of 60.

Canada's only four corners are located at the intersection of the 60th parallel and the 102nd meridian west, between the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. However, this is not a true quadripoint as the measurement of the Saskatchewan/Manitoba border in the 1880s placed it approximately 400 metres (440 yd) west of the 102nd meridian, which defines part of the Northwest Territories/Nunavut border.

Greenland

Between 1776 and 1950, the 60th parallel formed the southern limit of the Royal Greenland Trade Department's exclusive monopoly on trade near the Dano-Norwegian and later Danish colonies of Greenland (1776–1782) and South Greenland (1782–1950).[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Dur_OneYear.php
  2. ^
  3. ^ Marquardt, Ole. "Change and Continuity in Denmark's Greenland Policy" in The Oldenburg Monarchy: An Underestimated Empire?. Verlag Ludwig (Kiel), 2006.
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