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List of the last monarchs in the Americas

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Title: List of the last monarchs in the Americas  
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Subject: Monarchies in the Americas, Kingdom of Haiti, Monarchy of Saint Lucia, Monarchy of Grenada, Monarchy of Saint Kitts and Nevis
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List of the last monarchs in the Americas

This is a list of last monarchs of the Americas.

North America

Nation / territory Picture Name Birth Ruled from Rule Ceased Reason Death Arms
Clipperton Island Napoleon III
Emperor of the French
20 April 1808 2 December 1852 4 September 1870 French defeated at Sedan
(Third Republic declared)
9 January 1873
Costa Rica Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Cuba Alfonso XIII
King of Spain
(Under the regency of Maria Christina)
17 May 1886 10 December 1898 Spanish-American War
(Treaty of Paris)
28 February 1941
Dominica Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
21 April 1926 6 February 1952 3 November 1978 Granted independence by the U.K. living
Dominican Republic Napoleon I
Emperor of the French
15 August 1769 20 March 1804 2 May 1808 Return to Spain following Peninsular War 5 May 1821
Isabella II
Queen of the Spains
10 October 1830 1861 1865 Spain's defeat in Dominican Restoration War 10 April 1904
El Salvador Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Guadeloupe Napoleon III
Emperor of the French
20 April 1808 2 December 1852 4 September 1870 French defeated at Sedan
(Third Republic declared)
9 January 1873
Guatemala Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Haiti Faustin I
Emperor of Haïti
1782 26 August 1849 15 January 1859 Revolution
Abdication
Republic declared
6 August 1867
Martinique Napoleon III
Emperor of the French
20 April 1808 2 December 1852 4 September 1870 French defeated at Sedan
(Third Republic declared)
9 January 1873
Mexico Cuauhtémoc
Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan
Emperor of the Aztecs
1502 1520 13 August 1521 Surrendered to the Spaniards
Tortured to death
Puppet rulers installed
1525
Cacamatzin
Tlatoani of Texcoco
1483 1515 1520 Murdered by the Spaniards
Puppet rulers installed
1520
Itzquauhtzin
Tlatoani of Tlacateotl
unknown 1475
Nanacacipactzin
Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan
Spanish Governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan
unknown 30 September 1563 27 December 1565 Death
Ceased to exist
27 December 1565
Tlahuitoltzin
Tlatoani of Texcoco
Spanish Governor of Texcoco
unknown 1540 1546 Abdication ?
Oquiztzin
Tlatoani of Tlacateotl
Spanish Governor of Governor of Tlacateotl
unknown 1567 1579 Abdication ?
Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
6 July 1832 10 April 1864 15 May 1867 Murdered by Republics
(Republic declared)
19 June 1867
Nicaragua Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Panama Ferdinand VII
King of Spain
14 October 1784 11 December 1813 28 November 1821 Panamanian Independence 29 September 1833
Saint Barthélemy Oscar II
King of Sweden and Norway
21 January 1829 18 September 1872 16 March 1878 Sold to the French Republic 8 December 1907
Saint Martin Napoleon III
Emperor of the French
20 April 1808 2 December 1852 4 September 1870 French defeated at Sedan
(Third Republic declared)
9 January 1873
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Trinidad and Tobago Elizabeth II
Queen of Trinidad and Tobago
21 April 1926 6 February 1952 31 August 1962 Republican constitution adopted living
Nation / territory Picture Name Birth Ruled from Rule Ceased Reason Death Arms

United States

The Native American hereditary leaders during this time are not included. Those that are listed as former monarchs of what is now the continental United States were heads of European seated monarchies (or Mexican monarchs, such as Augustine I of Mexico and Maximilian I of Mexico) and themselves never set foot on American soil. Others were indigenous monarchs, such as Malietoa Tanumafili I, Tuʻi Manuʻa Elisala and Liliuokalani of Hawaii; The last monarch of each state and territory may not be the last colonial ruler (i.e. Louis XV of France is the last French monarch of Louisiana, but Napoleon Bonaparte, prior to becoming Emperor, was the last ruler of Louisiana). Also their end of reign may not be how the US acquired these states. One state can have more than one last monarch, since each state may have been the product of many different acquisitions by the United States. Different claims of a foreign country are taken into account.

By states

State Picture Name Birth Ruled from Rule Ceased Reason Death Arms
Alabama George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Alaska Alexander II
Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias
29 April 1818 3 March 1855 30 March 1867 Alaska Purchase 13 March 1881
Arizona Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Arkansas Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
California Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Nicholas I
Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias
6 July 1796 1 December 1825 1841 Fort Ross sold to John Sutter 2 March 1855
Colorado Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Connecticut George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Delaware
Florida Ferdinand VII
King of Spain
14 October 1784 11 December 1813 22 February 1821 Adams-Onís Treaty 29 September 1833
Georgia George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Hawaii Liliuokalani
Queen of the Hawaiian Islands
2 September 1838 29 January 1891 17 January 1893 Overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom 11 November 1917
Idaho Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
24 May 1819 20 June 1837 15 June 1846 Oregon Treaty 22 January 1901
Illinois George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Indiana
Iowa Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Kansas Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Kentucky George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Louisiana Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Maine George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
24 May 1819 20 June 1837 29 August 1842 Aroostook War
(Webster-Ashburton Treaty)
22 January 1901
Maryland George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
George III
King of United Kingdom
(under the Regency Act of 1811)
4 June 1738 5 January 1811 20 October 1818 Treaty of 1818 29 January 1820
George IV
Prince Regent
12 August 1762 26 June 1830
Mississippi George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Missouri Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Montana Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
24 May 1819 20 June 1837 15 June 1846 Oregon Treaty 22 January 1901
Nebraska Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Nevada Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
New Hampshire George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
New Jersey
New Mexico Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
New York George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
North Carolina
North Dakota Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
George III
King of United Kingdom
(under the Regency Act of 1811)
4 June 1738 5 January 1811 20 October 1818 Treaty of 1818 29 January 1820
George IV
Prince Regent
12 August 1762 26 June 1830
Ohio George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Oklahoma Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Oregon Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
24 May 1819 20 June 1837 15 June 1846 Oregon Treaty 22 January 1901
Pennsylvania George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Tennessee George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Texas Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
6 July 1832 10 April 1864 15 May 1867 French withdrawal from Mexico
(Republic declared)
19 June 1867
Utah Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Vermont George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Virginia
Washington Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
24 May 1819 20 June 1837 15 June 1846 Oregon Treaty 22 January 1901
West Virginia George III
King of Great Britain
4 June 1738 25 October 1760 14 January 1784 American Revolution
(Treaty of Paris)
29 January 1820
Wisconsin
Wyoming Louis XV
King of France and Navarre
15 February 1710 1 September 1715 13 November 1762 French and Indian War (Treaty of Fontainebleau) 10 May 1774
Charles IV
King of Spain
11 November 1748 14 December 1788 30 November 1803 Return to the French Republic (Third Treaty of San Ildefonso) 20 January 1819
Augustine I
Emperor of Mexico
27 September 1783 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Abdication
(Republic declared)
19 July 1824
Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
24 May 1819 20 June 1837 15 June 1846 Oregon Treaty 22 January 1901
State Picture Name Birth Ruled from Ruled until Reason Death Arms

By territories

Insular areas and outlying islands

Territory Picture Name Birth Ruled from Rule Ceased Reason Death Arms
Navassa Island Faustin I
Emperor of Haïti
1782 26 August 1849 15 January 1859 Revolution
Abdication
Republic declared
6 August 1867
Puerto Rico Alfonso XIII
King of Spain
(Under the regency of Maria Christina)
17 May 1886 10 December 1898 Spanish-American War
(Treaty of Paris)
Ratified 6 February 1899
28 February 1941
United States Virgin Islands Christian X
King of Denmark
26 September 1870 14 May 1912 31 March 1917 Sold to the U.S. in face of World War I 20 April 1947
Territory Picture Name Birth Ruled from Ruled until Reason Death Arms

South America

Nation Picture Name Birth Ruled from Rule Ceased Reason Death Arms
Argentina Atahualpa
Sapa Inca
unknown 1532 26 July 1533 Execution by Spaniards 29 August 1533
Ferdinand VII
King of Spain
14 October 1784 11 December 1813 9 July 1816 Independence from Spain 29 September 1833
Bolivia Atahualpa
Sapa Inca
unknown 1532 26 July 1533 Execution by Spaniards 29 August 1533
Ferdinand VII
King of Spain
14 October 1784 11 December 1813 6 August 1825 Independence from Spain 29 September 1833
Brazil Pedro II
Emperor of Brazil
2 December 1825 7 April 1831 15 November 1889 military coup d'état overthrew Empire of Brazil
Imperial Family went into exile
(Republic declared)
5 December 1891
Chile Atahualpa
Sapa Inca
unknown 1532 26 July 1533 Execution by Spaniards 29 August 1533
Ferdinand VII
King of Spain
14 October 1784 11 December 1813 12 February 1818 Independence from Spain 29 September 1833
Antonio I
King of Araucania and Patagonia
12 May 1825 17 November 1860 5 January 1862 Arrested by Chilean forces
and sent to a madhouse
17 September 1878
Kai Mako'i 'Iti,
Ariki Mau
(King of Rapanui)
? ? 1863 Devastation of island by Peruvian slavers
Died as slave
1863 ?
Atamu Tekena[1]
Ariki Mau
(King of Rapanui)
? 1883 9 September 1888 Atamu signs Treaty of Annexation
Easter Islands is Annexed
August 1892
Simeon Riro Rokoroko He Tau
Ariki Mau
(King of Rapanui)
? ? 1892 Assassination in Chile 1899
Colombia Atahualpa
Sapa Inca
unknown 1532 26 July 1533 Execution by Spaniards 29 August 1533
Joseph
King of Spain
7 January 1768 6 June 1808 20 July 1810 Independence from Spain 28 July 1844
Ecuador Atahualpa
Sapa Inca
unknown 1532 26 July 1533 Execution by Spaniards 29 August 1533
Ferdinand VII
King of Spain
14 October 1784 11 December 1813 24 May 1822 Independence from Spain 29 September 1833
French Guiana Napoleon III
Emperor of the French
20 April 1808 2 December 1852 4 September 1870 French defeated at Sedan
(Third Republic declared)
9 January 1873
Guyana Elizabeth II
Queen of Guyana
21 April 1926 6 February 1952 26 May 1966 Republican constitution adopted living
Paraguay Joseph
King of Spain
7 January 1768 6 June 1808 15 May 1811 Independence from Spain 28 July 1844
Peru Atahualpa
Sapa Inca
unknown 1532 26 July 1533 Execution by Spaniards 29 August 1533
Túpac Amaru
Sapa Inca
unknown 1571 1572 Execution by Spaniards
Destruction of the last remnant of the Inca Empire
24 September 1572
Ferdinand VII
King of Spain
14 October 1784 11 December 1813 28 July 1821 Independence from Spain 29 September 1833
Suriname Juliana
Queen of the Netherlands
30 April 1909 6 September 1948 25 November 1975 Independence from the Netherlands 20 March 2004
Uruguay Pedro I
Emperor of Brazil
12 October 1798 12 October 1822 28 August 1828 Brazil recognize Cisplatina's Independence
Cisplatine War
Treaty of Montevideo
24 September 1834
Venezuela Joseph
King of Spain
7 January 1768 6 June 1808 5 July 1811 Independence from Spain 28 July 1844
Nation Picture Name Birth Ruled from Rule Ceased Reason Death Arms

See also

References

  1. ^ Assies, Willem. RAPA NUI: INDIGENOUS STRUGGLES FOR THE NAVEL OF THE WORLD
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